io-port 06463744 Lin, Hsueh-Liang; Fang, Chen-Chien; Su, Yen-Ning; Hsu, Chia-Cheng; Shih, Ming-Yi; Huang, Yueh-Min An E-book based competitive learning system for conducting mobile plants learning activities to improving student learning outcome. Chiu, Dickson K. W. (ed.) et al., Advances in web-based learning – ICWL 2013 workshops. USL 2013, IWSLL 2013, KMEL 2013, IWCWL 2013, WIL 2013, and IWEEC 2013, Kenting, Taiwan, October 6–9, 2013. Revised selected papers. Berlin: Springer (ISBN 978-3-662-46314-7/pbk). Lecture Notes in Computer Science 8390, 118-127 (2015). Summary: In recent years, mobile technologies have developed and applied in education fields, and some mobile emerging carriers with mobile technologies include a personal digital assistant (PDA), smart phone, and e-book. Some of the mobile carriers combines context-aware technologies or involve into wireless network environments to make effective use through the combination of learning scenarios and technologies, and then provide students new learning experiences differed from the past learning. In view of the application of mobile technology in education, some previous studies have addressed that mobile learning is a meaningful learning that can improve the interaction between students and the situations and reach the purposes of learning. In the main stream of mobile learning, using mobile carriers with suitable learning methods or strategies in mobile learning activities for different students to enhance learning have gradually become a important and concern issue. The purpose of this study is to investigate the learning achievement and learning attitude of elementary school students on a campus plant learning activity when they use mobile carriers and competitive learning strategies. The experimental results show that the competitive learning group of students have better learning performance than non-competitive learning group of students. After completing the learning activity, the two groups of students presented high positive attitudes towards learning.