An Assessment of Endocrine Disrupting Activity Changes during Wastewater Treatment through the Use of Bioassays and Chemical Measurements

@article{Drewes2005AnAO,
  title={An Assessment of Endocrine Disrupting Activity Changes during Wastewater Treatment through the Use of Bioassays and Chemical Measurements},
  author={J{\"o}rg E. Drewes and Jocelyn D. C. Hemming and Sarah J. Ladenburger and James J. Schauer and William C. Sonzogni},
  journal={Water Environment Research},
  year={2005},
  volume={77}
}
The objective of this study was to assess the removal efficiencies of secondary wastewater treatment processes for compounds causing endocrine disrupting activity. The study used bioassays and chemical measurements, such as gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and enzyme immunosorbent assays. A total of seven full‐scale water reclamation facilities using different unit operations and two pilot‐scale membrane bioreactors were examined. Findings of this study imply that estrogenic disrupting… 
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