• Corpus ID: 60980306

An Approach To Cybernetics

  title={An Approach To Cybernetics},
  author={Gordon Pask},
Approach To complete the picture, there is Rashevsky's2G view of evolution. The organism, regarded as a control system, can be mapped on to an image wherein all metrical properties are discarded, but all 'structural' relations preserved. The image will be a graph of the kind we used to depict states, only, in this case, the nodal points represent biological properties such as 'feeding' and 'secretion'. Rashevsky contends that the various graphs which have arisen by evolution can be transformed… 
The wholeness of a cybernetican
It is our impression that Gordon Pask’s writings cover fundamentals for large parts of the widely expanding fields of Cybernetics and Systems Theory. Thereby, and by his lecturing activities, he has
The cybernetics of language
ing these farms. I suggest the possibility of &g. 'saying something in the form of interpretation', what I have in mind might be clumsily circumscribed as the arrangement of descriptions (or things)
Systems Philosophy and Cybernetics
It is suggested that applying systems philosophy, to be applied to Cybernetic systems, as a species would be required to identify the differentia specifica of cybernetic systems and, hence, add other predicates to the notion of Cybernetics.
The poet of cybernetics
Gordon Pask’s ideas are used to discuss the distinction between the processing of continuous information and the manipulation of symbolic, or concept‐based, information and their combination, as in, for example, the use of continuous heuristics to guide symbolic problem solving.
An Introduction to Design Cybernetics
Since it ascended in the mid-twentieth century on the basis of technical and scientific advances made during World War II, cybernetics has influenced design theory and research. It was appreciated by
Progress in biocybernetics
The social M system closely resembles the models that have been used for representing conversational interaction between individual subjects and an adaptive teaching machine and for representing the conversational interactio between a small group of subjects.
Understanding Complex Systems: What Can the Speaking Lion Tell us?
A generally applicable solutions, which is based on a “symbol grounding” neural network architecture, are presented and the relation of this approach to the measurement problem in physics is discussed and similarities to existing positions in philosophy are pointed out.
Architecture of Generative Situations
Interdisciplinary debates focusing on the cybernetic and biotechnological advancements of semi-natural systems in architecture have contributed a great deal to the creation of new design imperatives
Editorial: Cybernetic systems: Fuzzy, Neural and Evolutionary Computing Approaches
The main objective behind this special issue is to strive towards establishing relationships between Cybernetics and intelligent systems.


On the Parallel Between Learning and Evolution
It is suggested that the most general feature of learning is the increase in complexity of behaviour which results, and a model is described which is capable of producing the increase of complexity found in the process of learning.
Quantal aspects of scientific information
  • D. Mackay
  • Computer Science
    Trans. IRE Prof. Group Inf. Theory
  • 1953
This paper is an attempt to clarify some aspects of the approach to experimentation suggested by the author in a recent publication in the Philosophical Magazine, (hereafter referred to as P.M.). The
Pigeons in a pelican.
THIS is the history of a crackpot idea, born on the wrong side of the tracks intellectually speaking, but eventually vindicated in a sort of middle class respectability. It is the story of a proposal
Design for a Brain
Ashby accepts, as fact, that the nervous system behaves adaptively and assumes that it is, in its essentials, mechanistic, and examines dynamic systems from the standpoint of rigorous scientific —dominantly mathematical—logic until he has evolved a theoretical counterpart of brain functioning.
Properties of a mass of cells capable of regenerating pulses
  • R. L. Beurle
  • Biology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
  • 1956
Cells having some properties similar to those of neurons are considered, and it is shown that a wave may be initiated in a mass of such cells by a number of individual stimuli, and has a very sensitive threshold to such stimulation.
What the Frog's Eye Tells the Frog's Brain
The results show that for the most part within that area of the optic nerve of a frog, it is not the light intensity itself but rather the pattern of local variation of intensity that is the exciting factor.
Behavior, Purpose and Teleology
This essay has two goals. The first is to define the behavioristic study of natural events and to classify behavior. The second is to stress the importance of the concept of purpose. Given any
An approach to computers that perceive, learn, and reason
The purpose of this paper is to mention some of the problems which I believe will be central ones in the effort to design machines that can in some sense be said to perceive, think, learn, make
How we know universals; the perception of auditory and visual forms.
Two neural mechanisms are described which exhibit recognition of forms. Both are independent of small perturbations at synapses of excitation, threshold, and synchrony, and are referred to partiular
On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem
  • A. Turing
  • Computer Science
    Proc. London Math. Soc.
  • 1937
This chapter discusses the application of the diagonal process of the universal computing machine, which automates the calculation of circle and circle-free numbers.