An Analysis of the Chinese Maritime Voyages into the Indian Ocean during Early Ming Dynasty and their Raison d'Etre

  title={An Analysis of the Chinese Maritime Voyages into the Indian Ocean during Early Ming Dynasty and their Raison d'Etre},
  author={Haraprasad Ray},
  journal={China Report},
  pages={65 - 87}
The Chinese were not a maritime nation, as the Arabs (and the Indians before them) were during the Han and Tang dynasties, but they succeeded in their efforts to be one after 1127 AD (Southern Song Dynasty) when the capital was shifted to Hangzhou, which was exposed to attacks from the sea. The possession of a huge naval force enabled the Chinese to maintain control over trade with a piratical fringe in the high seas in the Pacific Ocean adjoining China. Towards the end of the thirteenth… 
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304, p. 2a, see also Duyvendak, op. cit
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