# An Analysis of Addition and Subtraction Word Problems in American and Soviet Elementary Mathematics Textbooks

@article{Stigler1986AnAO, title={An Analysis of Addition and Subtraction Word Problems in American and Soviet Elementary Mathematics Textbooks}, author={J. Stigler and K. Fuson and M. Ham and M. Kim}, journal={Cognition and Instruction}, year={1986}, volume={3}, pages={153-171} }

Current theories of how elementary school children solve addition and subtraction word problems have emphasized semantic characteristics of the problems as the major factor influencing ease of solution. The present study assesses the potential impact the instructional environment (textbooks, in particular) might have on the relative difficulty of different types of addition and subtraction word problems by comparing the presentation of word problems in four American textbook series with the… Expand

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