An Alternative to ‘Celtic from the East’ and ‘Celtic from the West’

  title={An Alternative to ‘Celtic from the East’ and ‘Celtic from the West’},
  author={Patrick Sims‐Williams},
  journal={Cambridge Archaeological Journal},
This article discusses a problem in integrating archaeology and philology. For most of the twentieth century, archaeologists associated the spread of the Celtic languages with the supposed westward spread of the ‘eastern Hallstatt culture’ in the first millenniumbc. More recently, some have discarded ‘Celtic from the East’ in favour of ‘Celtic from the West’, according to which Celtic was a much olderlingua francawhich evolved from a hypothetical Neolithic Proto-Indo-European language in the… 
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