IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems

The global positioning system (GPS) equations are usually solved with an application of Newton's method or a variant thereof: Xn+1 = xn + H-1(t - f(xn)). (1) Here x is a vector comprising the user position coordinates together with clock offset, t is a vector of tour pseudorange measurements, and H is a measurement matrix of partial derivatives H = fx· In fact the first fix of a Kalman filter provides a solution of this type. If more than four pseudoranges are available for extended batch… CONTINUE READING