An African origin for African cattle? — some archaeological evidence

@article{Grigson1991AnAO,
  title={An African origin for African cattle? — some archaeological evidence},
  author={Caroline Grigson},
  journal={African Archaeological Review},
  year={1991},
  volume={9},
  pages={119-144}
}
  • C. Grigson
  • Published 1991
  • Geography
  • African Archaeological Review
Instead of the usual assumption that the Sanga cattle of Africa arose from the crossing of taurine cattle (Bos taurus) from North Africa or the Middle East with humped cattle (Bos indicus) originating in the Indian sub-continent, it is argued that they are of ancient autochthonous origin and have come to be mixed with taurine and humped cattle probably only in the last few hundred years, which is why they share a mosaic of characters with the other two taxa. Much more work needs to be done on… Expand
Genetics and African Cattle Domestication
Whether cattle domestication occurred independently on the African continent is among the most controversial questions in the Holocene archaeology of northern Africa. One long-established scenario,Expand
Ancient Humped Cattle in Africa: A View from the Chad Basin
The origins of ancient and modern African cattle are still a matter of much debate among researchers. Part of the dispute involves the question of the appearance in Africa, from the second millenniumExpand
The Origins of Domesticated Cattle
TLDR
Analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence data shows that African and European taurine cattle were probably domesticated independently, but that there was a process of genetic introgression between t aurine and zebu cattle in Africa. Expand
Domestication of cattle: Two or three events?
TLDR
Comparative analyses between scenarios modelling two and three domestication events consistently favour a model with only two episodes and suggest that the additional genetic variation component usually detected in African taurine cattle may be explained by hybridization with local aurochs in Africa after the domestication of taurus cattle in the Fertile Crescent. Expand
hDomestication and Phylogeography of Taurine and Zebu Cattle ( BOS tuum and Bos indicus )
Genetic variation at 20 microsatellite loci was surveyed to determine the evolutionary relationships and molecular biogeography of 20 different cattle populations from Africa, Europe and Asia.Expand
Geographic distribution and frequency of a taurine Bos taurus and an indicine Bos indicus Y specific allele amongst sub‐Saharan African cattle breeds
TLDR
Human migration, phenotypic preferences by the pastoralists, adaptation to specific habitats and to specific diseases are the main factors explaining the present‐day distribution of the alleles in sub‐Saharan Africa. Expand
Animal Disease Challenges to the Emergence of Pastoralism in Sub-Saharan Africa
Despite the antiquity of domestic cattle in the Sahara-Sahel, archaeological evidence from two sub-Saharan regions indicates that the first pastoralist colonization of sub-Saharan Africa may not haveExpand
Genetics and domestic cattle origins
TLDR
Patterns of genetic variants assayed from paternally, maternALLY, and biparentally inherited genetic systems reveal that extensive hybridization of the two subspecies is part of the ancestry of Northern Indian, peripheral European, and almost all African cattle breeds. Expand
Cattle in the West African savanna: evidence from 1st millennium CE Kirikongo, Burkina Faso
Abstract The West African sahel and savanna are today home to diverse cattle breeds derived from complex social, political and environmental processes over at least the past four thousand years.Expand
The patterns of admixture, divergence, and ancestry of African cattle populations determined from genome-wide SNP data
TLDR
The African Bos taurus populations showed substantial genetic diversity, and other indigenous breeds show evidence of having more than one African taurine ancestor, which is surprising for the indigenous breeds given the expected increase in cattle populations over that period and the lack of structured breeding programs. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Chemical classification of cattle. 2. Phylogenetic tree and specific status of the Zebu.
TLDR
The biochemical evidence supports Linnaeus's original conclusions: Bos taurus and Bos indicus are distinct species. Expand
Cattle domestication in North Africa
Further information on the Holocene prehistory of the Eastern Sahara, originally described by Wrendorf and Schild (1980) and Wendorf et al. (1980), has appeared in a recent publication by theExpand
The Pastoral Neolithic of East Africa
In East Africa, as in many other regions, the initial shift from hunting and gathering to food production was a secondary process involving the introduction of species domesticated elsewhere.Expand
The craniology and relationships of four species of Bos,: 4. The Relationship between Bos primigenius Boj. and B. taurus L. and its implications for the Phylogeny of the Domestic Breeds
TLDR
The two size forms of B. primigenius are merely the expression of sexual dimorphism, and the two forms B. taurus are so similar that they form a continuum and should be considered to be of the same taxon. Expand
The faunal remains from Magogo and Mhlopeni: small stock herding in the Early Iron Age of Natal
The Early Iron Age site of Magogo has yielded one of the best-preserved faunal assemblages for this period in South Africa. For the first time we have been able to identify the remains of both sheepExpand
The craniology and relationships of four species of Bos II. Basic craniology: Bos taurus L. Proportions and angles
TLDR
The results show that the proportions of the skull depend on its size and, to a lesser extent, on its sex, cows having relatively narrow skulls, with short horncores, but sometimes longer horns than bulls. Expand
Biogeographical considerations of colonization of the lower Tilemsi valley in the second millenium B.C.
Studies of post-palaeolithic material excavated in the Lower Tilemsi Valley at Karkarichinkat suggest that the area was not occupied before c. 4000 b.p. That permanent water existed in the valleyExpand
The craniology and relationships of four species of bos 1. Basic craniology: Bos taurus L. and its absolute size
TLDR
The results show that Bos taurus is very variable, particularly in the length of the horncore, and that tooth row length decreases with age and hence it is a particularly unreliable indicator of size. Expand
Three Thousand Years in Africa: Man and His Environment in the Lake Chad Region of Nigeria
The Lake Chad region of Nigeria is an extreme environment: virtually treeless sand and a broiling clay plain in the fierce heat of the dry season, then much of it inundated and impassable in the wetExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...