An ‘Age of Commerce’ in Southeast Asian History

  title={An ‘Age of Commerce’ in Southeast Asian History},
  author={Anthony Reid},
  journal={Modern Asian Studies},
  pages={1 - 30}
  • A. Reid
  • Published 1 February 1990
  • History
  • Modern Asian Studies
Since the end of World War II the study of Southeast Asia has changed unrecognizably. The often bitter end of colonialism caused a sharp break with older scholarly traditions, and their tendency to see Southeast Asia as a receptacle for external influences—first Indian, Persian, Islamic or Chinese, later European. The greatest gain over the past forty years has probably been a much increased sensitivity to the cultural distinctiveness of Southeast Asia both as a whole and in its parts. If there… 

Local Integration and Eurasian Analogies: Structuring Southeast Asian History, c. 1350—c. 1830

The historiography of precolonial Southeast Asia remains remarkably fragmented and inaccessible, even by the standards of that variegated region. We have a limited number of country monographs. But

Trade and Civilization around the Bay of Bengal, c. 1650–1800

About seven years ago the journal Itinerario issued a special volume on the Ancien Régime in India and Indonesia that carried the papers presented at the third Cambridge-Leiden-Delhi-Yogyakarta

The Merchant and the King: Political Myths of Southeast Asian Coastal Polities

1 From the unpublished Roolvink manuscript of the "Siak Chronicle" (Hikayat Raja Akil), as quoted by A. C. Milner, Kerajaan: Malay Political Culture on the Eve of Colonial Rule (Tucson: University of

Iranians Abroad: Intra-Asian Elite Migration and Early Modern State Formation

The idea of trader communities spread across the shores of the Indian Ocean, or along the caravan routes of the Asian heartland, is a familiar one. Once designated as the ubiquitous “pedlars” of the

Economic and Social Change, c. 1400–1800

It has been conventional to assume a new era began in Southeast Asia in 1500 with the arrival of Europeans, if for no better reason than that the sources become much richer and more accessible at

The Blue Frontier

In this revisionist history of the eighteenth-century Qing Empire from a maritime perspective, Ronald C. Po argues that it is reductive to view China over this period exclusively as a continental

New Turning Points in Southeast Asian History: Re-writing Southeast Asian Chronologies from Within

As historians, we live under the tyranny of periodisation. Our profession compartmentalises into variations of the conventional quartet of ancient, medieval, early modern and modern history. Within

Connections and comparisons: Region and the world in framing early modern Southeast Asian history

Christopher Bayly, in The birth of the modern world, emphasised how 'all local, national, or regional histories must, in important ways, therefore be global histories.' (1) This is all the more so

An Incoherent Empire: Environment, imperial networks, and administrative disorder in British Malaya, 1786-1930s

Many environmental histories of British Malaya have focused on the economic activities of rubber planting and tin mining, as well as their effects. In this thesis, however, I move away from these

Kedah : the foundations and durability of Malay kingship

In 1821, Siam launched a full-scale military invasion of Kedah that left the country in ruins. It remained devastated for two decades until the Sultan’s return in 1841. It seems extraordinary that



Sixteenth Century Turkish Influence in Western Indonesia

The existence of diplomatic and military relations between Ottoman Turkey and some Muslim states of Southeast Asia has been known for centuries. The Portuguese chroniclers, notably Couto and Pinto,

The Structure of Cities in Southeast Asia, Fifteenth to Seventeenth Centuries

  • A. Reid
  • History
    Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
  • 1980
Maritime Southeast Asia is one of those parts of the world destined by geography to be an international marketplace. Not only is it the largest of the world's archipelagos, penetrated throughout by

Pepper, guns, and parleys : the Dutch East India Company and China, 1622 [i.e. 1662]-1681

In 1662 the great sea-lord dynasty of the Cheng family expelled the Dutch from Taiwan, beginning a curious and little-known episode in cross-cultural diplomacy. China's new Manchu-Chinese Ch'ing


No reputable historian nowadays maintains that the Portuguese 16th- century thalassocracy in the Indian Ocean was always and everywhere completely effective. In particular, it is widely accepted that

Merchants, Companies, and Commerce on the Coromandel Coast, 1650-1740

In this in-depth history of India's eastern coastline during the late-medieval and early-modern periods, the author unearths fresh empirical data from the records of the Dutch and English East India

Chêng Ho's Voyages and the Distribution of Pepper in China

  • T'ien Ju-kang
  • History
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland
  • 1981
The significance of Chêng Ho's voyages (1405–1433) has usually been considered purely from the political point of view. In that connection he is noted as the Muslim eunuch who lived from A.D.

The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II

The focus of Fernand Braudel's great work is the Mediterranean world in the second half of the sixteenth century, but Braudel ranges back in history to the world of Odysseus and forward to our time,

The Asian Trade Revolution of the Seventeenth Century: The East India Companies and the Decline of the Caravan Trade. By Niels Steensgaard. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1974. Pp. 441. $15.00 cloth, $4.95 paper

  • R. Myers
  • History, Economics
    Business History Review
  • 1975
ings with the state so that much of the ostensible record means more than appears on the surface. Thus (177), the Jean Oudiette to whom the Canadian fur monopoly was ostensibly farmed in 1675 was

Ryukyu and Southeast Asia

From about 1373 to 1570, or for nearly two centuries, the kings of Ryukyu engaged in a prosperous and active trade between East and Southeast Asia. Several hundred Ryukyuan ships voyaged to Southeast

The Cambridge Economic History of India

List of maps List of tables Preface Part I. The Land and the People: 1. The mid-eighteenth-century background Tapan Raychaudhuri 2. Agrarian relations Eric Stokes, B. Chaudhuri, H. Fukazawa and