Amygdala in action: Relaying biological and social significance to autobiographical memory

  title={Amygdala in action: Relaying biological and social significance to autobiographical memory},
  author={Hans Joachim Markowitsch and Angelica Staniloiu},
A case of hyperthymesia: rethinking the role of the amygdala in autobiographical memory
It is speculated that the amygdala likely charges AMs with emotional, social, and self-relevance, allowing for many types of autobiographical information, including emotionally benign, to be more efficiently processed as self-relevant for encoding and storage in heightened memory.
The amygdala
Functional neuroimaging and electrophysiologic and psychometric approaches both in healthy persons and in patients with selective damage of the amygdala in genetic disorders such as lipoid proteinosis (Urbach-Wiethe disease) support its role in many aspects of emotional processing, including recognition of emotional expression in faces.
Social cognition in a case of amnesia with neurodevelopmental mechanisms
A young adult patient with amnesia with neurodevelopmental mechanisms due to perinatal complications accompanied by hypoxia is described, which supports proposals for a role of the hippocampal formation in processing more complex social information that likely requires multimodal relational handling.
The Effect of Retrieval Focus and Emotional Valence on the Medial Temporal Lobe Activity during Autobiographical Recollection
Light is shed on the role of AMY and HC in emotional AM recollection, linked to the retrieval focus and the valence of memories.
Dysfunctional or hyperfunctional? The amygdala in posttraumatic stress disorder is the bull in the evolutionary China shop
PTSD is considered to be a state in which the amygdala is functioning optimally if the goal is to ensure a person's survival, and is proposed that the amygdala in PTSD is hyperfunctional rather than dysfunctional in recognition of the fact that the individual has already survived one life‐threatening attack and that another may be forthcoming.
Autobiographical Memory System and Its Neural Correlates
Autobiographical memory, with special inherent structure, is a complex component of long-term memory. It has a close relationship with semantic memory and episodic memory and is also connected with
Level of Processing Modulates the Neural Correlates of Emotional Memory Formation
Two distinct activation patterns underlying emotional memory formation are suggested: an amygdala component that promotes memory during shallow encoding, especially for negative information, and a prefrontal component that provides extra benefits during deep encoding,especially for positive information.


Self-involvement modulates the effective connectivity of the autobiographical memory network.
This study compared hockey players' memories for game elements in which they were highly involved versus less involved and examined how the effective connectivity of a network of brain regions known to be involved in autobiographical memory retrieval varied based upon the players' level of self-involvement with the remembered event.
What does the amygdala contribute to social cognition?
  • R. Adolphs
  • Psychology, Biology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2010
The amygdala processes a psychological stimulus dimension related to saliency or relevance; mechanisms have been identified to link it to processing unpredictability; and insights from reward learning have situated it within a network of structures that include the prefrontal cortex and the ventral striatum in processing the current value of stimuli.
Memories for emotional autobiographical events following unilateral damage to medial temporal lobe.
A positive bias in the recollection of autobiographical memory following right-sided anteromedial temporal damage is demonstrated, consistent with the notion that the right, but not the left, antermedial temporal lobe is involved in the retrieval of negatively valenced, high-intensity memories.
The Human Amygdala: An Evolved System for Relevance Detection
It is argued that the fundamental criteria for the amygdala to be a modular system are not met and the notion of a specific involvement of the human amygdala in the appraisal of relevant events that include, but are not restricted to, fear-related stimuli is suggested.
Emotional Autobiographical Memories in Amnesic Patients with Medial Temporal Lobe Damage
It is suggested that structures surrounding the hippocampus, but not the hippocampus itself, may be necessary for the recollection of highly emotional, unpleasant autobiographical memories.
Psychogenic amnesia – A malady of the constricted self
Amygdala damage impairs emotional memory for gist but not details of complex stimuli
The data support a model whereby the amygdala focuses processing resources on gist, possibly accounting for features of traumatic memories and eyewitness testimony in real life.
Involvement of the amygdala in learning and memory: a critical review, with emphasis on anatomical relations.
It is concluded that emotionally significant information is encoded and can be retrieved on the basis of the structures and connections of the basolateral limbic circuit.