Amur tigers and leopards returning to China: direct evidence and a landscape conservation plan

  title={Amur tigers and leopards returning to China: direct evidence and a landscape conservation plan},
  author={Tianming Wang and Limin Feng and Pu Mou and Jianguo Wu and James L. D. Smith and Wenhong Xiao and Haitao Yang and Hailong Dou and Xiaodan Zhao and Ya‐Qian Cheng and Bo Zhou and Hongyan Wu and Li Zhang and Yu Tian and Qing-xi Guo and Xiaojun Kou and Xuemei Han and Dale G. Miquelle and Chadwick D. Oliver and Rumei Xu and Jian-ping Ge},
  journal={Landscape Ecology},
ContextThe Amur tiger and leopard, once roaming over the Eurasian continent, are now endangered and confined to the Sikhote-Alin Mountains, Russia—a landscape that has been increasingly fragmented due to human activities. The ultimate fate of these big cats depends on whether they can resettle in their previous main historical range in NE China. Recent sightings of these animals along the China–Russia border have aroused new hope, but direct evidence is lacking.ObjectivesThe main objectives of… 

Conservation of Tiger Panthera tigris in Nepal: a review of current efforts and challenges

  • P. Ghimire
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Threatened Taxa
  • 2022
The Tiger Panthera tigris is one of the most charismatic and well known Asian big cats. In the lowlands of Nepal, Tigers along with the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis and the

Reconstructing the historical distribution of the Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) in Northeast China based on historical records

Long-term historical data, mainly from new gazetteers, demonstrates that such resources are capable of tracking species change through time and offers an opportunity to reduce data shortage and enhance understanding in conservation.

Elusive cats in our backyards: persistence of the North Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis) in a human‐dominated landscape in central China

It is necessary to have joint efforts by the government and researchers to improve human disturbances management and prey species population density, as well as strengthen the investment in research on the North Chinese leopard, which could all further strengthen protection ability and ensure the long‐term survival of this species.

Estimating the Population Size and Genetic Diversity of Amur Tigers in Northeast China

The small and isolated population recorded by this study demonstrate that there is an urgent need for more intensive regional management to create a tiger-permeable landscape and increased genetic connectivity with other populations.

Coexistence of two sympatric flagship carnivores in the human-dominated forest landscapes of Northeast Asia

ContextUnderstanding how large carnivore guilds survive in human-dominated landscapes is key to inform strategies for their conservation in the face of global carnivore declines. Amur tigers and


China has four sub-species of leopard throughout the country. One of them is the North China leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis, Gray, 1862) which experiences a wide range of threats. It remains at

Prey selection of Amur tigers in relation to the spatiotemporal overlap with prey across the Sino–Russian border

The results suggest that tiger prey selection is determined by prey body size and also overlap in tiger and prey use of time or space and that strategies designed to minimize livestock forays into forested lands may be important for decreasing the livestock depredation by tigers.

The spatial distribution and population density of tigers in mountainous terrain of Bhutan




Spatiotemporal pattern and major causes of the Amur tiger population dynamics

To better conserve this endangered species, the following strategies and measures are proposed: to establish a long-term monitoring platform; to strictly prohibit tiger poaching and restrict forest logging, hunting, and building roads and other artificial structures within the tiger distribution areas; and to build animal movement corridors among reserves and across the China-Russia border.

Distribution and abundance of Amur tiger, Amur leopard and their un- gulate prey in Hunchun National Nature Reserve, Jilin

Analysis of images from a moni- toring network of 83 camera traps deployed between April and June of 2013 indicated that tigers and sika deer were mainly restricted to the core zone of HNNR and that their abundance was lower in the community-based natural resource management.

Spatial viability analysis of Amur tiger Panthera tigris altaica in the Russian Far East: the role of protected areas and landscape matrix in population persistence

Summary 1 The Amur or Siberian tiger Panthera tigris altaica forms a relatively small and disjunct population of less than 600 individuals in the Russian Far East. Because tigers in this region

Temporal Variation in Tiger (Panthera tigris) Populations and Its Implications for Monitoring

Seven years of camera trapping, tracking, and observational data on a local tiger population in Chitwan National Park, Nepal, are presented to quantify changes in abundance of demographic groups and to identify underlying causes.

Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape

We examine the abundance and distribution of Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and nine prey species in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park on Sumatra, Indonesia. Our study is the first to

Is there a future for Amur tigers in a restored tiger conservation landscape in Northeast China?

The future of wild tigers is dire, and the Global Tiger Initiative's (GTI) goal of doubling tiger population size by the next year of the tiger in 2022 will be challenging. The GTI has identified 20

Spatial structure of Amur (Siberian) tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) on Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Zapovednik, Russia

Home-range size, spacing characteristics, and changes in land tenure of radiocollared Amur tigers on the Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Zapovednik, Russia, from 1992 to 2006 were examined to suggest that both sexes would maintain spatially exclusive home ranges and that subadult female tigers would tend toward philopatry and males would disperse.

Climate change and landscape fragmentation jeopardize the population viability of the Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica)

AbstractThe Amur tiger, a flagship species of the boreal forest ecosystem in Russian Far East and northeastern China, has declined dramatically in population and geographic distribution due to human