Amphiregulin, a TH2 Cytokine Enhancing Resistance to Nematodes

@article{Zaiss2006AmphiregulinAT,
  title={Amphiregulin, a TH2 Cytokine Enhancing Resistance to Nematodes},
  author={Dietmar M. W. Zaiss and Li V. Yang and Pranav R. Shah and James J. Kobie and Joseph F. Urban and Tim R. Mosmann},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={314},
  pages={1746 - 1746}
}
Although type 2 immune responses contribute to allergy and asthma, these responses are essential for clearing intestinal helminth infestations by mechanisms that include increased epithelial shedding. We show that T helper 2 cells (TH2), but not other T cell subsets, express amphiregulin, a member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family. EGF receptor ligands directly induce epithelial cell proliferation, and lack of amphiregulin delayed expulsion of the nematode Trichuris muris. This newly… 
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The latest insights into ILC2 activation are outlined and the requirement for—or redundancy of—ILC2s in providing protective immunity against intestinal helminth parasites is discussed.
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Materials and Methods are available on Science Online
    Public Health Service grants AI48604 and DFG/ZA280. We thank D. Lee for providing the original amphiregulin-deficient mice