Amphibian renal disease.

  • Todd R Cecil
  • Published 2006 in
    The veterinary clinics of North America. Exotic…


Amphibians by nature have an intimate connection with the aquatic environment at some stage of development and fight an osmotic battle due to the influx of water. Many amphibians have acquired a more terrestrial existence at later stages of development and consequently have physiologic adaptations to conserve moisture. Renal adaptations have allowed… (More)


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