Ammonia disinfection of hatchery waste for elimination of single-stranded RNA viruses.

@article{Emmoth2011AmmoniaDO,
  title={Ammonia disinfection of hatchery waste for elimination of single-stranded RNA viruses.},
  author={Eva Emmoth and Jakob R Ottoson and Ann Albihn and S{\'a}nd{\'o}r Bel{\'a}k and Bj{\"o}rn Vinner{\aa}s},
  journal={Applied and environmental microbiology},
  year={2011},
  volume={77 12},
  pages={3960-6}
}
Hatchery waste, an animal by-product of the poultry industry, needs sanitation treatment before further use as fertilizer or as a substrate in biogas or composting plants, owing to the potential presence of opportunistic pathogens, including zoonotic viruses. Effective sanitation is also important in viral epizootic outbreaks and as a routine, ensuring high hygiene standards on farms. This study examined the use of ammonia at different concentrations and temperatures to disinfect hatchery waste… CONTINUE READING