Cloning, expression, purification and characterization of his-tagged human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase: a simplified method for protein yield.
Over 100 mutations of the G6PD gene have been documented. With the construction of the molecular model of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, based on the structure of the bacterial Leuconostoc mesenteroides glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, it has been possible to superimpose these amino acid changes on to the structure of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase molecule. There are a large number of severe disease causing mutations at the dimer interface which usually cause decreased thermostability. We have used this knowledge to predict amino acid changes which would effect an increase in the stability of the dimer. The aspartic acid at residue 421 was chosen as it is a negatively charged residue at the centre of the dimer interface in an area rich in negatively charged residues. This residue was changed to a neutrally charged alanine or asparagine, or a positively charged lysine or arginine. The thermostability of the enzyme was increased when residue 421 was neutral (A or N) and increased further when positive (K or R). NADP is known to exert a concentration dependent stabilising effect on the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase dimer. However the concentration-dependent stabilising effect of NADP was reduced in the residue-421 substitutions in a manner which was inversely proportional to charge change. These results suggest that changes at the dimer interface can also affect the distant (> 20 A) NADP-binding site, and vice versa; an attempt has been made to explain these interactions based on the molecular model of human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.