American cultural diplomacy and post-war educational reforms: James Bryant Conant’s mission to Italy in 1960*

@article{Mariuzzo2016AmericanCD,
  title={American cultural diplomacy and post-war educational reforms: James Bryant Conant’s mission to Italy in 1960*},
  author={Andrea Mariuzzo},
  journal={History of Education},
  year={2016},
  volume={45},
  pages={352 - 371}
}
  • Andrea Mariuzzo
  • Published 17 March 2016
  • Political Science
  • History of Education
Abstract This paper, largely based on new, previously unused documents from US archives, considers the consultancy group financed by the Ford Foundation in 1960 to support the school reforms the Italian Minister of Education Giuseppe Medici was promoting. The group was headed by James Bryant Conant, and its evaluations were based on principles of ‘meritocratic’ democratisation: universal access to comprehensive lower secondary school should have been accompanied by ‘cooling out’ mechanisms at… 

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