American cultural diplomacy and post-war educational reforms: James Bryant Conant’s mission to Italy in 1960*

  title={American cultural diplomacy and post-war educational reforms: James Bryant Conant’s mission to Italy in 1960*},
  author={Andrea Mariuzzo},
  journal={History of Education},
  pages={352 - 371}
  • Andrea Mariuzzo
  • Published 17 March 2016
  • Political Science
  • History of Education
Abstract This paper, largely based on new, previously unused documents from US archives, considers the consultancy group financed by the Ford Foundation in 1960 to support the school reforms the Italian Minister of Education Giuseppe Medici was promoting. The group was headed by James Bryant Conant, and its evaluations were based on principles of ‘meritocratic’ democratisation: universal access to comprehensive lower secondary school should have been accompanied by ‘cooling out’ mechanisms at… 

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The "Cooling-Out" Function in Higher Education

  • B. Clark
  • Education
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1960
The wide gap found in many democratic institutions between culturally encouraged aspiration and institutionally provided means of achievement leads to the failure of many participants. Such a

this became clear during the first survey of teachers in the reformed Scuola media, significantly promoted by il Mulino: Marzio Barbagli and Marcello dei, Le vestali della classe media

  • 1969

Parliamentary speech in Atti Parlamentari, Camera dei Deputati, iii Legislatura, Lavori

    Relazione della commissione di indagine sullo stato e sullo sviluppo della

    • Pubblica istruzione in Italia
    • 1963

    Presentazione' to Il rapporto Conant sulla situazione della scuola italiana (rome: Quaderni di studi e ricerche sull'amministrazione della Pubblica istruzione, 1963), 3. 103 nielsen to stone