American cultural diplomacy and post-war educational reforms: James Bryant Conant’s mission to Italy in 1960*

@article{Mariuzzo2016AmericanCD,
  title={American cultural diplomacy and post-war educational reforms: James Bryant Conant’s mission to Italy in 1960*},
  author={Andrea Mariuzzo},
  journal={History of Education},
  year={2016},
  volume={45},
  pages={352 - 371}
}
Abstract This paper, largely based on new, previously unused documents from US archives, considers the consultancy group financed by the Ford Foundation in 1960 to support the school reforms the Italian Minister of Education Giuseppe Medici was promoting. The group was headed by James Bryant Conant, and its evaluations were based on principles of ‘meritocratic’ democratisation: universal access to comprehensive lower secondary school should have been accompanied by ‘cooling out’ mechanisms at… Expand
Introduction to the Special Issue: History of Education, International Relations and Transnational Perspectives: State of the Art
The purpose of the article is to present those studies in the field of the History of Education that have emphasized international influences and educational modernization. To do this, the first partExpand
Communism, anti-communism and education in Greece from the Axis occupation until the early Cold War era (1944–1967)
ABSTRACT This study aims to examine communist education in occupied Greece (1944–1945) in combination with anti-communist education in Greece in the Cold War era (1950–1967). It discusses, on the oneExpand
La Unesco y la Ley General de Educación: La influencia de los organismos internacionales en torno a la modernización educativa en el franquismo
This article analyzes the influence that the educational ideas proposed by UNESCO had on the development of the General Education Act (LGE) of 1970. More specifically, it attempts to establish theExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 10 REFERENCES
Dewey in postwar-Italy: The case of re-education
After the end of the Second World War, Italy was the first Axis country (followed by Germany and Japan), to undergo a process of “reeducation” by the allied troops, focusing initially on theExpand
Commanding heights, levers of power: A reconnaissance of postwar education reform
Throughout the second half of the twentieth century – from the years of the Fordist welfare state to those of the post-Fordist neo-liberal order – educational systems in the West have fosteredExpand
Two Decades of Non-Reform in West German Education
Tins PAPER Will limit itself to problems of the function and structure of primary and secondary education, for it is at the junction of primary and secondary education that the principal issues inExpand
Mito e realtà d’oltreoceano. L’Italia e il modello accademico americano nel Novecento
For almost a century several critics of Italian university system have been looking at the United States, the emerging world-leading model in higher education policies, as an ideal point of referenceExpand
The "Cooling-Out" Function in Higher Education
The wide gap found in many democratic institutions between culturally encouraged aspiration and institutionally provided means of achievement leads to the failure of many participants. Such aExpand
this became clear during the first survey of teachers in the reformed Scuola media, significantly promoted by il Mulino: Marzio Barbagli and Marcello dei, Le vestali della classe media
  • 1969
Relazione della commissione di indagine sullo stato e sullo sviluppo della
  • Pubblica istruzione in Italia
  • 1963
Parliamentary speech in Atti Parlamentari, Camera dei Deputati, iii Legislatura, Lavori
    Presentazione' to Il rapporto Conant sulla situazione della scuola italiana (rome: Quaderni di studi e ricerche sull'amministrazione della Pubblica istruzione, 1963), 3. 103 nielsen to stone