American black bear predation of an adult white-tailed deer

@inproceedings{Svoboda2011AmericanBB,
  title={American black bear predation of an adult white-tailed deer},
  author={Nathan J. Svoboda and Jerrold L. Belant and Dean E. Beyer and Jared Fitzgerald Duquette and Heather K. Stricker and Craig A. Albright},
  year={2011}
}
Abstract American black bears (Ursus americanus) are opportunistic omnivores and can be proficient predators of neonate ungulates, but predation of adult ungulates is rare. In November 2009 we investigated a probable black bear predation of a radiocollared, adult (7.5 years old) female white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in a densely vegetated, lowland conifer forest in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA. The deer carcass was 80% buried with puncture wounds and lacerations on the back… 
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