Amelioration and Inclusion: Gender Identity and the Concept of Woman*

@article{Jenkins2016AmeliorationAI,
  title={Amelioration and Inclusion: Gender Identity and the Concept of Woman*},
  author={Katharine Jenkins},
  journal={Ethics},
  year={2016},
  volume={126},
  pages={394 - 421}
}
  • K. Jenkins
  • Published 1 January 2016
  • Sociology, Philosophy
  • Ethics
Feminist analyses of gender concepts must avoid the inclusion problem, the fault of marginalizing or excluding some prima facie women. Sally Haslanger’s ‘ameliorative’ analysis of gender concepts seeks to do so by defining woman by reference to subordination. I argue that Haslanger’s analysis problematically marginalizes trans women, thereby failing to avoid the inclusion problem. I propose an improved ameliorative analysis that ensures the inclusion of trans women. This analysis yields ‘twin… 

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  • K. Jenkins
  • Philosophy, Sociology
    Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy
  • 2018
Although the concept of gender identity plays a prominent role in campaigns for trans rights, it is not well understood, and common definitions suffer from a problematic circularity. This paper

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Talk of gender identity is at the core of heated current philosophical and political debates. Yet, it is unclear what it means to have one. I examine several ways of understanding this concept in

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