Amelioration and Inclusion: Gender Identity and the Concept of Woman*

@article{Jenkins2016AmeliorationAI,
  title={Amelioration and Inclusion: Gender Identity and the Concept of Woman*},
  author={K. Jenkins},
  journal={Ethics},
  year={2016},
  volume={126},
  pages={394 - 421}
}
Feminist analyses of gender concepts must avoid the inclusion problem, the fault of marginalizing or excluding some prima facie women. Sally Haslanger’s ‘ameliorative’ analysis of gender concepts seeks to do so by defining woman by reference to subordination. I argue that Haslanger’s analysis problematically marginalizes trans women, thereby failing to avoid the inclusion problem. I propose an improved ameliorative analysis that ensures the inclusion of trans women. This analysis yields ‘twin… Expand
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