Amblyopia: prevalence, natural history, functional effects and treatment

  title={Amblyopia: prevalence, natural history, functional effects and treatment},
  author={Ann L Webber and Joanne M. Wood},
  journal={Clinical and Experimental Optometry},
  • A. WebberJ. Wood
  • Published 1 November 2005
  • Medicine
  • Clinical and Experimental Optometry
Amblyopia, defined as poor vision due to abnormal visual experience early in life, affects approximately three per cent of the population and carries a projected lifetime risk of visual loss of at least 1.2 per cent. The presence of amblyopia or its risk factors, mainly strabismus or refractive error, have been primary conditions targeted in childhood vision screenings. Continued support for such screenings requires evidence‐based understanding of the prevalence and natural history of amblyopia… 

Evaluation of Amblyopia in School Going Children

The prevalence of amblyopia in school going children in the age group of 5-15 years in and around Jaipur was found to be 1.1% and the results indicate the importance of screening schoolgoing children for amblyopic and the importance for early detection and treatment.

Amblyopia and fixation eye movements

The Measurement and Treatment of Suppression in Amblyopia

A technique for measuring amblyopic suppression with a compact, portable device that forms the basis of a novel form of treatment to decrease suppression over time and improve binocular and often monocular function in adult patients with amblyopia is described.

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A new multi-method paradigm that maximizes strengths and mitigates weaknesses of each technique and results in a high rate of compliance must be established to improve quality of life of numerous amblyopes.

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This review highlights the expansion of knowledge regarding treatment for amblyopia and aims to provide optometrists with a summary of research evidence to enable them to better treat Amblyopia.

Vision Screening in Children Aged 6 Months to 5 Years: Recommendation Statement.

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  • 2017
One of the most important causes of vision abnormalities in children is amblyopia, an alteration in the visual neural pathway in a child’s developing brain that can lead to permanent vision loss in the affected eye.

Accommodative Lag Persistence in Treated Anisometropic, Strabismic, and Mixed Amblyopia

Inadequate accommodative response, a higher lag, persists in amblyopic eyes even after the treatment, and is partly determined by posttherapy visual acuity.

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A structured screening may allow the early detection of amblyogenic factors and prevent further vision deterioration in children, thus improving their long-term quality of life.

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Results raise questions about the ethical acceptability of a prospective study of amblyopia treatment in preschool children at these ages, and demonstrate a significantly poorer visual acuity outcome in the amblyopic eye in the non-compliant patient groups than in the compliant groups in each study.

Prevalence of amblyopia and associated refractive errors in an adult population in Victoria, Australia.

Amblyopia is a significant cause of unilateral reduced visual acuity in a population aged 40 years and older and the degree of anisometropia was greater in the amblyopic group compared with the normal population.

Prevalence of amblyopia and associated refractive errors in an adult population in Victoria, Australia

Amblyopia is a significant cause of unilateral reduced visual acuity in a population aged 40 years and older and the degree of anisometropia was greater in the amblyopic group compared with the normal population.

Early screening for amblyogenic risk factors lowers the prevalence and severity of amblyopia.

The screening program for amblyopia and amblyogenic risk factors in infants, followed by appropriate treatment, is effective in significantly reducing the prevalence and severity of amblyopic in children.

Factors associated with delay in diagnosis of childhood amblyopia.

When diagnosed early, amblyopia was more often detected by the child's primary health care provider and Physicians of the children with early diagnoses more often reported compliance with both the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for vision screening in infancy and referral for vision problems.

Treatment dose-response in amblyopia therapy: the Monitored Occlusion Treatment of Amblyopia Study (MOTAS).

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Poverty predicts amblyopia treatment failure.

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