Ambient Stressors

  title={Ambient Stressors},
  author={Joan M. Campbell},
  journal={Environment and Behavior},
  pages={355 - 380}
The concept of "ambient stressor" is developed to address certain shortcomings in current formulations of environmental stress. Characteristics of ambient stressors are that they are chronic, negatively valued, nonurgent, physically perceptible, and intractable to the efforts of individuals to change them. Distinctions are drawn between the concepts of ambient stressors, acute stressors, and daily hassles. Particular attention is given to differences in psychological appraisals of ambient… 
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