Amazon River enhances diazotrophy and carbon sequestration in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean

@article{Subramaniam2008AmazonRE,
  title={Amazon River enhances diazotrophy and carbon sequestration in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean},
  author={Ajit Subramaniam and Patricia L. Yager and Edward J. Carpenter and Claire Mahaffey and Karin M. Bj{\"o}rkman and Sarah R. Cooley and Adam B Kustka and Joseph P. Montoya and Sergio A. Sa{\~n}udo-Wilhelmy and Rebecca F. Shipe and Douglas G. Capone},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year={2008},
  volume={105},
  pages={10460 - 10465}
}
The fresh water discharged by large rivers such as the Amazon is transported hundreds to thousands of kilometers away from the coast by surface plumes. The nutrients delivered by these river plumes contribute to enhanced primary production in the ocean, and the sinking flux of this new production results in carbon sequestration. Here, we report that the Amazon River plume supports N2 fixation far from the mouth and provides important pathways for sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in the western… 

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