Amanita muscaria: chemistry, biology, toxicology, and ethnomycology.

  title={Amanita muscaria: chemistry, biology, toxicology, and ethnomycology.},
  author={Didier Michelot and Leda Maria Melendez-Howell},
  journal={Mycological research},
  volume={107 Pt 2},
The fly agaric is a remarkable mushroom in many respects; these are its bearing, history, chemical components and the poisoning that it provokes when consumed. The 'pantherina' poisoning syndrome is characterized by central nervous system dysfunction. The main species responsible are Amanita muscaria and A. pantherina (Amanitaceae); however, some other species of the genus have been suspected for similar actions. Ibotenic acid and muscimol are the active components, and probably, some other… 
Amanita muscaria, the red fly agaric, is the most famous of all Amanita. The initial history of this fascinating mushroom dates back to at least the 13th century. The use of mushrooms began in
Amanita muscaria: Ecology, Chemistry, Myths
Amanita muscaria is the most emblematic mushroom in the popular representation. It is an ectomycorrhizal fungus endemic to the cold ecosystems of the northern hemisphere. The basidiocarp contains
Fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) poisoning, case report and review.
Larvicidal efficiency of the fungus Amanita muscaria (Agaricales, Amanitaceae) against Musca domestica (Diptera, Muscidae)
The results show the potential of A. muscaria extracts for controlling M. domestica, and the extracted substances did not interfere with the development period of immatures and did not influence pupal weight.
Short communication Fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) poisoning, case report and review
Dried fly agaric Amanita muscaria fruiting bodies were eaten by five young persons (18–21 years of age) at a party in order to evoke hallucinations, whereas a 18-year-old girl lost consciousness and was admitted for several days of observation.
Amanita muscaria and Amanita pantherina poisoning: two syndromes.
Cyclopeptide toxins of lethal amanitas: Compositions, distribution and phylogenetic implication.
Panther cap Amanita pantherina poisoning case report and review.
The Deceptive Mushroom: Accidental Amanita muscaria Poisoning.
A patient who fell into a coma after accidental Amanita muscaria poisoning is discussed, with rapid identification of the mushroom allowed the regression of symptoms and discharge from the hospital on the fourth day after consumption.


Poisoning by members of the genus Cortinarius - a review.
Biochemical Effects of Amanita muscaria Extract in Mice
After intraperitoneal injection of aqueous extract of A. muscaria into male mice, biochemical changes in the serum and liver were noted within 3 hours, but the values returned to normal within 6 hours after the injection.
The pigments of fly agaric, Amanita muscaria
Toxic fungi.
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  • Biology
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The current status of knowledge concerning the toxic potential and contituents of many mushroom species, including the gastroenteric irritants, is inadequate and the problem of geographic variation or genetic strain in the concentration of toxins of many species also requires further investigation.
Über das Vorkommen von Muscaflavin bei Hygroeyben (Agaricales) und seine Dihydro- azepin-Struktur 1,2 / Isolation of Muscaflavin from Hygrocybe Species (Agaricales) and Its Dihydroazepine Structure
Abstract Sporophores of Hygrocybe species (Agaricales) contain muscaflavin, a pigment recently isolated from Amanita muscaria. Spectroscopic and chemical evidence for its dihydroazepine structure 5a
Investigation of the free amino acids and Amanita toxins in Amanita species.
Abstract Chromatographic determination of the free amino acid content of numerous collections of several species of the genus Amanita and the closely related genus Vaginata revealed the presence of
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    The New England journal of medicine
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THERE is still much to be learned about which wild-growing mushrooms are harmless and edible, and which are irritating to the average person's gastrointestinal tract or nervous system, or are even
Poisoning by Coprinus atramentarius.
Detailed toxicology investigations have shown that the mutagenic and gonadotoxic properties of this compound made it unsuitable for therapeutic use.
Suspected poisoning of puppies by the mushroom Amanita pantherina.
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  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
  • 1997
There was very strong circumstantial evidence that this mushroom had been eaten, and the signs encountered were similar to those described in confirmed field cases of intoxication in dogs, and in many respects consistent with the syndrome seen in humans.
Amatoxins in edible mushrooms