Alveolar macrophage TNF-alpha release and BAL cell phenotypes in sarcoidosis.


The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) by alveolar macrophages (AM) and the phenotypic characteristics of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells in sarcoidosis. We studied the spontaneous release of TNF-alpha by AM in vitro and the phenotypic characteristics of freshly recovered BAL T… (More)


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