Aluminum exposure and metabolism.

  title={Aluminum exposure and metabolism.},
  author={Janet L. Greger and Jessica E. Sutherland},
  journal={Critical reviews in clinical laboratory sciences},
  volume={34 5},
Aluminum (Al) is a nonessential, toxic metal to which humans are frequently exposed. Oral exposure to aluminum occurs through ingestion of aluminum-containing pharmaceuticals and to a lesser extent foods and water. Parenteral exposure to aluminum can occur via contaminated total parenteral nutrition (TPN), intravenous (i.v.) solutions, or contaminated dialysates. Inhalation exposure may be important in some occupational settings. The gut is the most effective organ in preventing tissue aluminum… CONTINUE READING