Aluminium cycling in the soil-plant-animal-human continuum

  title={Aluminium cycling in the soil-plant-animal-human continuum},
  author={Zed Rengel},
A critical review of the literature on Al toxicity in plants, animals and humans reveals a similar mode of Al action in all living organisms, namely interference with the secondary messenger system (phosphoinositide and cytosolic Ca2+ signalling pathways) and enhanced production of reactive oxygen species resulting in oxidative stress. Aluminium uptake by plants is relatively quick (across the intact plasma membrane in < 30 min and across the tonoplast in < 1 h), despite huge proportion of Al… CONTINUE READING
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