Alternative reactions at the interface of glycolysis and citric acid cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Abstract

Pyruvate and acetyl-coenzyme A, located at the interface between glycolysis and TCA cycle, are important intermediates in yeast metabolism and key precursors for industrially relevant products. Rational engineering of their supply requires knowledge of compensatory reactions that replace predominant pathways when these are inactivated. This study investigates effects of individual and combined mutations that inactivate the mitochondrial pyruvate-dehydrogenase (PDH) complex, extramitochondrial citrate synthase (Cit2) and mitochondrial CoA-transferase (Ach1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Additionally, strains with a constitutively expressed carnitine shuttle were constructed and analyzed. A predominant role of the PDH complex in linking glycolysis and TCA cycle in glucose-grown batch cultures could be functionally replaced by the combined activity of the cytosolic PDH bypass and Cit2. Strongly impaired growth and a high incidence of respiratory deficiency in pda1Δ ach1Δ strains showed that synthesis of intramitochondrial acetyl-CoA as a metabolic precursor requires activity of either the PDH complex or Ach1. Constitutive overexpression of AGP2, HNM1, YAT2, YAT1, CRC1 and CAT2 enabled the carnitine shuttle to efficiently link glycolysis and TCA cycle in l-carnitine-supplemented, glucose-grown batch cultures. Strains in which all known reactions at the glycolysis-TCA cycle interface were inactivated still grew slowly on glucose, indicating additional flexibility at this key metabolic junction.

DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/fow017

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Cite this paper

@article{Rossum2016AlternativeRA, title={Alternative reactions at the interface of glycolysis and citric acid cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.}, author={Harmen M. van Rossum and Barbara U. Kozak and Matthijs S Niemeijer and Hendrik J Duine and Marijke A. H. Luttik and Viktor M Boer and Peter Koetter and Jean-Marc G Daran and Antonius J. A. van Maris and Jack T. Pronk}, journal={FEMS yeast research}, year={2016}, volume={16 3} }