Alternative nutritional cancer therapies

  title={Alternative nutritional cancer therapies},
  author={Sheila S Weitzman},
  journal={International Journal of Cancer},
  • S. Weitzman
  • Published 1998
  • Medicine
  • International Journal of Cancer
Increasing attention is being paid to the role of nutrition in cancer. Dietary measures, such as decreased consumption of calories, fat, alcohol and smoked or pickled foods have been shown to reduce the incidence of specific “adult” cancers, while increased dietary fiber appears to have a protective role. However, no clear scientific evidence exists that dietary manipulation is a successful primary therapy for established cancer. A significant percentage of adult and child cancer patients take… 
Nutritional traditional and complementary medicine strategies in pediatric cancer: A narrative review
The potential risks and benefits of nutritional T&CM use in pediatric cancer care are reviewed and an overview of some commonly used and requested supplements, including probiotics, antioxidants, cannabinoids, vitamins, turmeric, mistletoe, Carica papaya, and others are provided.
Dietary changes among cancer survivors.
The majority of dietary changes reported by 69 cancer patients agreed with current nutritional recommendations, such as decreasing meat and fat intake and increasing the consumption of vegetables and fruits, but many diet changers also reported the intake of herbal and vitamin supplements, many with unproven effects.
Dietary patterns in patients with advanced cancer: implications for anorexia-cachexia therapy.
BACKGROUND Severe malnutrition and wasting are considered hallmarks of advanced malignant disease, and clinical research into anorexia-cachexia therapy and nutritional support for cancer patients is
Advising Patients Who Seek Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Cancer
The current scientific medical literature on complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies commonly used by persons with cancer is summarized, focusing on evidence about disease progression and palliation rather than cancer prevention.
Cancer nutritional management: a case study in a patient with esophageal cancer
The authors present herein the process and the result of nutritional management in a cancerous patient with esophageal cancer, noting that “adequate caloric provision to prevent weight loss and allow for tolerance of treatment regimens” is the important thing to be kept in mind of the in-charge oncologist.
Safety and Efficacy of Phytomedicines in Cancer Prevention and Treatment
Oncologists must be encouraged to discuss herbal use with their patients, and they should be aware of possible herb anticancer drug interactions, and physicians should advise patients to refrain from using herbs, especially when their effects have not been well investigated.
Complementary and alternative medicine during cancer treatment: beyond innocence.
Cancer patients should be warned for possible interactions of complementary and alternative medicine ingredients, which may render the therapeutic outcome of the subscribed drug unpredictable and lead to unacceptable toxicities in some cases or decreased therapeutic activity in others.
Use of alternative medicine by children with cancer in Washington state.
Pediatric oncology patients use alternative treatments as adjuncts to conventional care and should remain informed about the benefits and adverse effects of alternative therapies in order to discuss treatment options with patients and their families and to monitor treatment efficacy.


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  • G. Block
  • Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
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Epidemiologic evidence of a protective effect of vitamin C for non-hormone-dependent cancers is strong, and it is likely that ascorbic acid, carotenoids, and other factors in fruits and vegetables act jointly.
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  • Medicine
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Consensus from individual studies and several review articles is that consumption of supplemental vitamin C leads to no significant adverse health effects to humans in general, and before definite conclusions can be made of the health hazards to humans, more clinical trials are required.
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The reduced relative risk of lung cancer associated with vitamin A was most evident among men who smoked heavily and frequently consumed carrots, consistent with evidence from animal studies on inhibition of tumor incidence by retinoids and with previous findings in prospective and retrospective epidemiologic studies.
The use of alternative therapies by children with cancer
  • M. Sawyer
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 1994
A substantial proportion of children with cancer use alternative therapies and the use of these therapies is often not discussed with the children's medical practitioners, suggesting a continuing need to consider how to better provide those elements of their children's care which parents currently seek from alternative therapies.
Failure of high-dose vitamin C (ascorbic acid) therapy to benefit patients with advanced cancer. A controlled trial.
The two groups showed no appreciable difference in changes in symptoms, performance status, appetite or weight, and were unable to show a therapeutic benefit of high-dose vitamin C treatment.
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  • E. CameronL. Pauling
  • Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1978
Tests confirm that the ascorbate-treated patients and the matched controls are representative subpopulations of the same population of "untreatable" patients.
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It is concluded that chemoprevention offers excellent prospects as a means of reducing cancer incidence and among currently available agents, the retinoids possess the best combination of properties.
High-dose vitamin C versus placebo in the treatment of patients with advanced cancer who have had no prior chemotherapy. A randomized double-blind comparison.
It can be concluded that high-dose vitamin C therapy is not effective against advanced malignant disease regardless of whether the patient has had any prior chemotherapy.