Alternative Food/Feed Perspectives of an Underutilized Legume Mucuna pruriens var. Utilis—A Review

  title={Alternative Food/Feed Perspectives of an Underutilized Legume Mucuna pruriens var. Utilis—A Review},
  author={M. Raja Pugalenthi and Vellingiri Vadivel and Perumal Siddhuraju},
  journal={Plant Foods for Human Nutrition},
Mucuna pruriens var. utilis, an underutilized tropical legume has a nutritional quality comparable to soya beans and other conventional legumes as it contains similar proportions of protein, lipid, minerals, and other nutrients. The beans have been traditionally used as a food in a number of countries, viz., India, Philippines, Nigeria, Ghana, Brazil, and Malawi. Recently, the velvet beans are exploited as a protein source in the diets of fish, poultry, pig, and cattle after subjected to… 
An assessment of potential nutritive and medicinal properties of Mucuna pruriens: a natural food legume
Light is shed on the possible mechanism of action of Mucuna pruriens on some diseases (hypoglycemia, Parkinson’s disease, microbial diseases and tumor) and the gap in the studies is filled and more in vitro and in vivo studies are done to explore the potential of these seeds against many diseases.
Nutritional and remedial potential of an underutilized food legume horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum): a review.
Underutilized legumes are important group of crops which has special significance in subsistence farming and nutritional security of resource poor masses in developing countries. Among underutilized
Effects of processing methods on the protein quality of mucuna bean (Mucuna pruriens L.).
Histological examination of liver and kidney tissues revealed that consumption of processed mucuna bean as the only source of protein caused inflammation of the organs, suggesting possible presence of other antitoxins in processed bean even though mucunabean diet contained the recommended safe level of residual L-Dopa.
Studies on the incorporation of velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens var. utilis) as an alternative protein source in poultry feed and its effect on growth performance of broiler chickens
The effect of replacement of soybean meal by the velvet bean meal as an alternative protein ingredient on the growth performance of broiler chickens was investigated and velvet bean seeds were found to contain appreciable levels of crude protein, lipid, and lipid content.
Effects of processing technique on the nutritional composition and anti-nutrient content of mucuna bean (Mucuna pruriens L.)
Mucuna bean (Mucuna pruriens) is an indigenous legume promoted in Kenya as a green manure cover crop. It contains high protein but it is under - utilized due to the presence of 3,
The effects of raw and processed Mucuna pruriens seed based diets on the growth parameters and meat characteristics of Benin local guinea fowl (Numida meleagris, L).
Processed Mucuna seed can replace soybeans up to 20% for extensive guinea fowl production and contribute to diminish dependence to conventional protein for small holders.
Evaluation of nutritional value and protein quality of an under-utilized tribal food legume.
The biological value, the rats fed with diet containing autoclaved DTS exhibited better growth performance and the protein quality of DTS were also significantly improved by autoclaving treatment when compared to other processing methods such as soaking, cooking and roasting.
Usefulness of Three under Exploited Vegetable Legumes - A Review
While some vegetable legumes like Pea and Phaseolus are popular and extensively cultivated in the world, others like Velvet Bean remain underexploited.
Evaluation of velvet bean meal as an alternative protein ingredient for poultry feed.
The results indicate that the inclusion of VBM up to the 40% level exhibited better growth performance of the broiler birds such as feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio and protein efficiency ratio in both the starter and finisher phases.


Nutritional and anti-nutritional composition of velvet bean: an under-utilized food legume in South India
  • V. Janardhanan
  • Biology, Medicine
    International journal of food sciences and nutrition
  • 2000
Four accessions of the under-utilized legume, velvet bean, collected from three different locations of Western Ghats, South India were analysed for proximate composition, mineral profiles, the protein fractions, amino acid profiles of total seed protein, in vitro protein digestibility and certain anti-nutritional factors to determine their potential as an alternative source to alleviate protein-energy-malnutrition among the people of South India.
Studies on the nutritional composition and antinutritional factors of three different germplasm seed materials of an under-utilized tropical legume, Mucuna pruriens var. utilis.
Two different germplasms of a white variety and one germplasm of a black variety of Mucuna pruriens var. utilis were evaluated for their physicochemical properties as well as their nutritional and
Comparative nutritive value of winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L) DC) and other legumes grown in Tanzania
The study findings support the idea that winged bean is a good alternative plant protein source in Tanzania.
Nutritional and anti-nutritional characteristics of mucuna (Mucuna utilis) bean seeds
In view of the high L-DOPA contents reported in some mucuna cultivars, overconsumption of mucuna beans should be viewed with some caution until suitable processing methods are developed.
Comparative nutritional evaluation of differentially processed mucuna seeds [Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. var. utilis (Wall ex Wight) Baker ex Burck] on growth performance, feed utilization and body composition in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.)
It is indicated that the inclusion of mucuna seed meal (replacement of 25% of total dietary protein of feed) after soaking in any one of the tested solutions followed by autoclaving significantly improved the growth performance and feed utilization of tilapia compared with that of the raw seeds.
Chemical composition and protein quality of the little-known legume, velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.)
The chemical composition and nutritional characteristics of seeds of Mucuna pruriens were investigated. The mature seeds contained 314.4 g/kg crude protein, 51.6 g/kg crude fiber, 67.3 g/kg crude
Evaluation of raw and heated velvet beans (Mucuna pruriens) as feed ingredients for broilers.
It is concluded that dry heating of VB partially destroys its growth-inhibiting factor(s), allowing successful use of 10% heated VB in broiler rations.
The nutritional and antinutritional attributes of sword bean [Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC.]: an under‐utilized tribal pulse from south India
The essential amino acid profile of total seed proteins compared favourably with FAO/WHO requirements, except that there were deficiencies of sulphur containing amino acids in all the six accessions and also the leucine, lysine and tryptophan contents were low in maroon-coloured seed coat accessions.