Altering false reports via confederate influence

  title={Altering false reports via confederate influence},
  author={James Ost and Ian Hogbin and P{\"a}r Anders Granhag},
  journal={Social Influence},
  pages={105 - 116}
The present experiment examined the effects of confederate influence on the likelihood that participants would claim to have witnessed non‐existent footage of a highly charged public event. A total of 48 participants completed a questionnaire, in the presence of a confederate, concerning their memory for (non‐existent) closed circuit television (CCTV) footage of an explosion in a Bali nightclub. Overall, 19 participants (39%) claimed falsely to have seen this non‐existent footage. Furthermore… 
Familiarity breeds distortion: The effects of media exposure on false reports concerning media coverage of the terrorist attacks in London on 7 July 2005
This experiment provides further support for the role of imaginative processes in the development of false memories after the explosion of the No. 30 bus in Tavistock Square, London on 7 July 2005.
Investigating the effects of co-witness influence on blame attribution
Through the use of misinformation paradigms, research has demonstrated that eyewitnesses can be influenced by their co-witnesses when attempting to attribute blame to the correct person in incidents
Suggested false memories of a non-existent film: forensically relevant individual differences in the crashing memories paradigm.
There is ample evidence to suggest that posing leading questions is dangerous, in that it may elicit compliant responses that are not necessarily accurate. Further, suggestive questioning is
What's behind crashing memories? Plausibility, belief and memory in reports of having seen non‐existent images
The present study investigated the precise nature of crashing memory reports: Are they truly memories or are they based on beliefs? We asked 88 individuals whether they had seen non-existent footage
Crashing Memory 2.0: False Memories in Adults for an Upsetting Childhood Event
Previous crashing memory studies have shown that adults can be led to believe they witnessed video footage of news events for which no video footage actually exists. The current study is the first to
Resisting misinformation via discrepancy detection: effects of an unaware suspicion cue
The "something smells fishy" metaphor was used to invoke suspicion and increase discrepancy detection, which increased discrepancy detection and resistance to the contaminating effects of misinformation, eliminating misinformation interference and lowering suggestibility on the final test.
The influence of mood on tunnel vision in crime investigation : can mood decide whether we hold on to our initial beliefs?
Over the past two decades there has been more and more attention for the influence of affect on decision making (Slovic et al., 2002). When comparing individuals in a happy mood to those in a sad
Consequences of Choice Blindness on Memory: Altered Self-Reports Cause Memory-Blindness Distortion
Author(s): Cochran, Kevin | Advisor(s): Loftus, Elizabeth F | Abstract: Previous research on the misinformation effect has demonstrated that memory for events can be distorted by suggestive


The Social Psychology of False Confessions: Compliance, Internalization, and Confabulation
An experiment demonstrated that false incriminating evidence can lead people to accept guilt for a crime they did not commit Subjects in a fast- or slow-paced reaction time task were accused of
Memory conformity: exploring misinformation effects when presented by another person.
Two experiments demonstrate that post-event information, when delivered by another person, can affect people's memory reports and parallels with eyewitness testimony in the Oklahoma bombing case and implications for police interviewing more generally are discussed.
Say it to my face: examining the effects of socially encountered misinformation
Objectives. Errors in eyewitness accounts can occur when a witness comes into contact with post-event ‘misinformation’. A common way to encounter misinformation is through face-to-face interaction,
Explorations in the social contagion of memory
The data support the claim that false memories may be transmitted between people and reveal critical factors that modulate the social contagion of memories.
Memory conformity: Can eyewitnesses influence each other's memories for an event?
The current study investigated memory conformity effects between individuals who witness and then discuss a criminal event, employing a novel procedure whereby each member of a dyad watches a
On the psychology of confessions: does innocence put innocents at risk?
  • S. Kassin
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 2005
It appears that innocence puts innocents at risk, that consideration should be given to reforming current practices, and that a policy of videotaping interrogations is a necessary means of protection.
Social influences on reality-monitoring decisions
In two experiments, it is shown that memory for new items was influenced by an erroneous response of the confederate, revealing the power of social influence on realitymonitoring accuracy and confidence.
Crashing memories and reality monitoring: distinguishing between perceptions, imaginations and ‘false memories’
Research has shown that the memory characteristics questionnaire (MCQ) can be used to discriminate between ‘memories’ of perceived events and ‘memories’ of imagined events. The present study extended
False reports of childhood events in appropriate interviews
The results indicate that, despite being interviewed in an appropriate manner by a trained interviewer, some participants will falsely report events from their childhoods.