Altering Masculinities: The Spanish Conquest and the Evolution of the Latin American Machismo

  title={Altering Masculinities: The Spanish Conquest and the Evolution of the Latin American Machismo},
  author={Michael Hardin},
  journal={International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies},
  • M. Hardin
  • Published 2002
  • Political Science
  • International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies
Machismo, a stereotype that emphasizes hypermasculinity and associated with the Latin American male, was a legacy of the Conquest of the Spanish conquistadores and their interpretation of and reaction to the indigenous two-spirit. It was the product of the rape of indigenous women, the response to indigenous imperial ritual, and the sublimation of indigenous male sexuality. It was a response to social and religious control of the male body. As such, it is not something that is easily eradicated… 

Migrant masculinities: The experiences of Latin-American migrant men in Australia

Abstract Our research project on Migrant Masculinities involves a comparative inquiry into the gendered subjectivities of men who have migrated to Australia from four culturally-diverse regions of

Existence as Resistance: Curanderismo as a Framework for Decolonization

This thesis examines curanderismo and its potential as a decolonizing force. Curanderismo is a Mexican-American “folk” magical religious tradition that focuses on healing physical ailments and

Men, masculinities and social change : exploring Khmer masculinities and their implications for domestic violence

Cambodia went through diverse social, political and economic events colonialism, civil war and market neoliberalism in recent histories. All these events have caused tremendous social disruptions and


In Latin America, the term macho usually must be distinguished from that of machismo. Macho has different meanings in different social circumstances: sometimes it refers simply to the male of a

Perception of gender stereotypes, machismo and marianismo in Ecuadorian adolescents: A focus group study

ABSTRACT Recent studies increasingly demonstrated that gender differences are linked with macro-cultural factors. The stereotypes in Latin America that shape gender roles are machismo and marianismo.

Introduction: Special Issue on Black and Latina Sexuality and Identities

Black feminist theorists such as Kimberle Crenshaw (1989, 1991) and Patricia Hill Collins (1990) have challenged researchers to expand their thinking when examining issues of sexism, racism, and

“Locas,” Respect, and Masculinity

In this article, I explore how masculinity and gender nonconformity are viewed by 37 migrant Puerto Rican gay men who had been raised in Puerto Rico and migrated Stateside as adults. Most of these

Exhuming Guatemala's gender-based violence: Justice, truth-telling, and rebuilding in a post-conflict society.

This interdisciplinary thesis is grounded in forensic anthropology, feminist geography, and the violent history of the past century in Guatemala. I seek to determine a link between past and present

Marianismo and Machismo: The Portrayal of Females in Mexican TV Commercials

ABSTRACT Mexican television commercials were content analyzed applying marianismo and machismo, two gender themes frequently used in studies of Latin American cultures. Results showed largely

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Fernández and Cinematic Propaganda in the U.S. and Mexico" Renae L. Mitchell discusses the competing ideologies on both sides of the U.S. foremost filmmakers of the Mexican Golden Age



Machos, Maricones, and Gays: Cuba and Homosexuality

Acknowledgments Introduction 1. An Introduction to Contemporary Cuba 2. Machismo and Homosexuality before the Revolution 3. Institutionalized Homophobia 4. Homosexuality and the Law 5. Homosexuality

Colonial Latin America

Acknowledgements 1. Iberia and America Before the Conquest Amerindian Civilization Civilizations on the Eve of European Conquest The Iberian World in the Late Fifteenth Century Exploration and the

The devastation of the Indies : a brief account

Five hundred years after Columbus's first voyage to the New World, the debate over the European impact on Native American civilization has grown more heated than ever. Among the first--and most

Sexual Politics In Cuba: Machismo, Homosexuality, And Aids

The paradox of Cuba's Revolution the homosexual in the Revolution changing the role of women and breaking the taboo - initiating sex education the audacious subject - the sex-education programme AIDS

The labyrinth of solitude ; The other Mexico ; Return to the labyrinth of solitude ; Mexico and the United States ; The philanthropic ogre

Octavio Paz has long been acknowledged as Mexico's foremost writer and critic. In this international classic, Paz has written one of the most enduring and powerful works ever created on Mexico and

What It Means To Be A Man: Reflections on Puerto Rican Masculinity

An insightful examination of Puerto Rican culture and the ways in which Puerto Rican masculinity is constructed. The author discusses the attributes and demands of masculinity, and points out the

Mary, Michael, and Lucifer: Folk Catholicism in Central Mexico

Preface 1. Introduction 2. Setting, People, and Village 3. History 4. The Family 5. Ritual Kinship 6. The Faces of Evil 7. The Ceremonial Cycle 8. The Struggle with Evil 9. Los Aires 10. Syncretism

The Human Body and Ideology: Concepts of the Ancient Nahuas

The Human Body and Ideology: Concepts of the Ancient Nahuas. Alfredo Lopez Austin (translated by Thelma Ortiz de Montellano and Bernard Ortiz de Montellano). Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press,

Aztecs: An Interpretation

Introduction Part I. The City: 1. Tenochtitlan: the public image 2. Local perspectives Part II. Roles: 3. Victims 4. Warriors, priests and merchants 5. The masculine self discovered 6. Wives 7.

Guaman Poma: Writing and Resistance in Colonial Peru

Acknowledgments Introduction to the Second Edition: Contextualizing the Nueva coronica y buen gobierno Guaman Poma in the Documentary Record The Production and Facsimile Reproduction of the Autograph