Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation

@article{Davidson2003AlterationsIB,
  title={Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation},
  author={Richard J. Davidson and Jon Kabat-Zinn and Jessica R. Schumacher and Melissa A. Rosenkranz and Daniel Muller and Saki F. Santorelli and Ferris Urbanowski and Anne Harrington and Katherine A Bonus and John F. Sheridan},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
  year={2003},
  volume={65},
  pages={564–570}
}
Objective: The underlying changes in biological processes that are associated with reported changes in mental and physical health in response to meditation have not been systematically explored. We performed a randomized, controlled study on the effects on brain and immune function of a well‐known and widely used 8‐week clinical training program in mindfulness meditation applied in a work environment with healthy employees. Methods: We measured brain electrical activity before and immediately… 
Effects of Meditation on Working Memory
Long-term mindfulness meditation has been suggested to positively alter biological processes and to improve attention in previous studies. The purpose of this study is to test the effects of
Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density
TLDR
The results suggest that participation in MBSR is associated with changes in gray matter concentration in brain regions involved in learning and memory processes, emotion regulation, self-referential processing, and perspective taking.
Mindfulness meditation and the immune system: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
TLDR
This first comprehensive review of randomized controlled trials examining the effects of mindfulness meditation on immune system parameters revealed substantial heterogeneity across studies with respect to patient population, study design, and assay procedures.
Neural Correlates of Mindfulness Practice for Naive Meditators
TLDR
This study investigated naive meditators' EEG activity during an eight-week MBSR program, developed easy-to-use and portable dry-sensor EEG devices, and tracked how EEG changed over time during the program, providing insight into developing a BCI system to guide meditation practice.
Effects of an 8-week meditation program on mood and anxiety in patients with memory loss.
TLDR
An 8-week, 12 minute a day meditation program in patients with memory loss was associated with positive changes in mood, anxiety, and other neuropsychologic parameters, and these changes correlated with changes in CBF.
EFFECTS OF A SHORT-TERM MINDFULNESS INTERVENTION ON DEPRESSION AND IMMUNE FUNCTION
OF DISSERTATION EFFECTS OF A SHORT-TERM MINDFULNESS INTERVENTION ON DEPRESSION AND IMMUNE FUNCTION Pro-inflammatory cytokines have been implicated in the pathophysiology and maintenance of
Meditation and Health: The Search for Mechanisms of Action
Psychological interest in the impact of mental states on biological functioning is growing rapidly, driving a need for new methods for inducing mental states that last long enough, and are
Prefrontal Regulatory Mechanisms of Mindfulness and Stress Reduction and Links to Markers of Health
Mindfulness is, at its core, an open or receptive attention to present-moment experience. In recent years, interest in understanding the underlying neurobiology of mindfulness training has grown
Mindfulness Meditation: Effects of a Brief Intervention on Cardiovascular Reactivity during Acute Stress
Mindfulness Meditation: Effects of a Brief Intervention on Cardiovascular Reactivity During Acute Stress Dustin LaMar Jones Department of Psychology, BYU Master of Science Mindfulness has
P02-335 - A Systematic Review of Neurobiological and Clinical Features of Mindfulness Meditations
Objective Mindfulness meditations (MM) are an important group of meditative practices which have received growing attention. The aim of the present paper is to systematically review current evidence
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES
Meditation: a modulator of the immune response to physical stress? A brief report.
TLDR
Meditation may modify the suppressive influence of strenous physical stress on the immune system, and increase in CD8+ T cells after VO2max was significantly less in the meditation group than in the control group.
Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Medical and Premedical Students
TLDR
Participation in the 8-week meditation-based stress reduction intervention can effectively reduce self-reported state and trait anxiety, reduce reports of overall psychological distress including depression, and increase scores on overall empathy levels.
Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders.
TLDR
A group mindfulness meditation training program can effectively reduce symptoms of anxiety and panic and can help maintain these reductions in patients with generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or panic disorder with agoraphobia.
Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders.
TLDR
It is concluded that an intensive but time-limited group stress reduction intervention based on mindfulness meditation can have long-term beneficial effects in the treatment of people diagnosed with anxiety disorders.
What Do We Really Know About Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction?
  • S. Bishop
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychosomatic medicine
  • 2002
TLDR
A critical evaluation of the available state of knowledge regarding MBSR and suggestions for future research are provided, finding that the available evidence does not support a strong endorsement of this approach at present.
A 15O‐H2O PET study of meditation and the resting state of normal consciousness
TLDR
It is concluded that the H215O PET method may measure CBF distribution in the meditative state as well as during the resting state of normal consciousness, and that characteristic patterns of neural activity support each state.
Psychosocial Modifiers of Immunocompetence in Medical Students
TLDR
Blood was drawn twice from 75 first‐year medical students, with a baseline sample taken one month before their final examinations and a stress sample drawn on the first day of final examinations to address the effects of a naturally occurring stressor on components of the immune response.
The Influence of Psychological Stress on the Immune Response to Vaccines a
TLDR
The differences in antibody and T‐cell responses to HEP‐B and influenza virus vaccinations provide a demonstration of how stress may be able to alter both the cellular and humoral immune responses to vaccines and novel pathogens in both younger and older adults.
Individual Differences in Prefrontal Activation Asymmetry Predict Natural Killer Cell Activity at Rest and in Response to Challenge
TLDR
Findings indicate that individual differences in electrophysiological measures of asymmetric prefrontal activation account for a significant portion of variance in both basal levels of, and change in NK function.
How does cognitive therapy prevent depressive relapse and why should attentional control (mindfulness) training help?
TLDR
An information-processing analysis of depressive maintenance and relapse is used to define the requirements for effective prevention, and to propose mechanisms through which cognitive therapy achieves its prophylactic effects.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...