Histamine and Histamine Receptors in Allergic Dermatitis.
In the present study, eczema-induced alteration of sensorineural circuits of the spinal dorsal horn was investigated. Eczematous lesions resembling atopic dermatitis were induced by repeated application of diphenylcyclopropenone (DCP) onto murine right hind paws. Immunohistochemical labeling of calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P was increased in the dorsal horn on the DCP-treated side. Expression of calcium binding proteins, calretinin and calbindin-D28K, normally widely seen in dorsal horn interneurons, was up-regulated on the DCP-treated side. E-Cadherin and alpha-N-catenin, synapse-related molecules, were intensely expressed in the spinal dorsal horn of the DCP-treated side. Interestingly, c-Fos positive cells were also significantly increased in laminae I and III of the DCP-treated side. These results suggest an enhanced release of neuropeptides from peripheral afferents and alterations in the sensorineural circuitry of the dorsal horn. These changes may account for the enhanced sensory sensitivity recognized in patients with chronic eczema and atopic dermatitis.