We previously demonstrated that cellular toxins added to a cytotoxic IgG2a monoclonal antibody to corticotropin releasing factor (CRF-MAb) may specifically penetrate some hypothalamic CRF neurons, after central injection near the paraventricular nuclei. We attempt here to evaluate the consequential effects on the CRF neurons functioning. Such a toxic mix, 4 weeks after its central injection, caused a marked reduction (66%) of the chronic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) release in response to a bilateral adrenalectomy (7th day). This change was accompanied by a reduction in the CRF concentration (43%) measured in the median eminence. We concluded that specific internalization of toxins, by the way of CRF-MAb, leads to a long-term dysregulation of the CRF synthesis and/or neuronal transport.