Alteraciones del crecimiento y en el estado nutricional de pacientes pediátricos infectados con VIH

  title={Alteraciones del crecimiento y en el estado nutricional de pacientes pedi{\'a}tricos infectados con VIH},
  author={Lizbeth L{\'o}pez-Mej{\'i}a and Miriam Bautista-Silva and Adriana Pinz{\'o}n-Navarro and Luis Xochihua-D{\'i}az},
  journal={Acta Pedi{\'a}trica de M{\'e}xico},
Background: Childhood is the most important period of physical growth and cognitive development. Studies show that growth and nutritional status of pediatric patients infected with HIV are often altered. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence in alterations of growth and nutritional status of HIV-infected pediatric patients treated at the HIV Clinic of the Instituto Nacional de Pediatria in Mexico City. Materials and Methods: It was an observational, descriptive, transver- sal study. The final… 
Evolución del estado nutricional, parámetros inmunológicos y virológicos en niños con VIH de transmisión vertical bajo tratamiento antirretroviral
Resumen Introducción la vigilancia del crecimiento de manera continua permite la identificación de alteraciones antropométricas y metabólicas como parte integral del tratamiento en VIH. Se propuso


Condición nutricia y apoyo alimentario en niños con VIH
The pediatrician taking care of immunodeficient patients with HIV infection should assess the nutritional status and provide nutritional counseling to those patients, and general guidelines aimed to evaluate and treat HIV-infected children from a nutritional and metabolic perspective are presented.
Evolution of nutritional status of infants infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.
The growth of infected infants was observed to be severely affected in comparison with that of seroreversed infants in the same age groups.
Anemia and growth failure among HIV-infected children in India: a retrospective analysis
The high prevalence and strong interrelationship of anemia and poor nutrition among HIV-infected children in India, particularly those living in rural areas underscores the need for incorporating targeted nutritional interventions during national scale up of care, support and treatment among infected children.
Clinical and metabolic presentation of the lipodystrophic syndrome in HIV-infected children
The lipodystrophic syndrome prevails in HIV-infected children in the three clinical forms initially described in adults but appears less severe before the initiation of puberty.
Defining pediatric malnutrition: a paradigm shift toward etiology-related definitions.
A pediatric malnutrition definitions workgroup reviewed existing pediatric age group English-language literature from 1955 to 2011, for relevant references related to 5 domains of the definition of malnutrition that were a priori identified: anthropometric parameters, growth, chronicity of malnutrition, etiology and pathogenesis, and developmental/ functional outcomes.
Micronutrients and child health: studies in international nutrition and HIV infection.
Vitamin A supplementation among communities at risk of deficiency effectively reduces mortality and morbidity in children younger than age 5, and vitamin A may be especially effective in HIV-infected children.
Nutritional status and lipid profile of HIV-positive children and adolescents using antiretroviral therapy
The use of protease inhibitors, per se, does not seem to significantly interfere with anthropometric measures, body composition and food intake of HIV-infected children and adolescents, however, this antiretroviral therapy was associated with a significant increase in triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol in subjects.
Growth Failure in Children With HIV Infection
  • S. Arpadi
  • Medicine, Biology
    Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
  • 2000
Progressive stunting, that is, proportionately decreased linear and ponderal growth, appears to be the most common abnormality in perinatally infected children and is accompanied by preferential decreases of fat‐free or lean body mass.
Micronutrient supplementation for children with HIV infection.
An update of an earlier Cochrane review of micronutrient supplementation in children and adults found that vitamin A and zinc are beneficial and safe in children exposed to HIV and living with HIV infection.