Alphabet conflict in the Balkans: Albanian and the Congress of Monastir

  title={Alphabet conflict in the Balkans: Albanian and the Congress of Monastir},
  author={Frances Trix},
In the first decade of the twentieth Century, Albanian was written in three different scripts: Arabic, Greek, and Roman, and in multiple orthographies. In 1908 fifty Albanian delegates gathered in the central Balkan city of Monastir to agree upon a script and an orthography for their language. In this sociolinguistic study of language factions in a focused setting, lanalyze the issues, process, anddivisions that arose, despite intense politicalpressure to come to agreement. Historians… 

Tables from this paper

Script change in Azerbaijan: acts of identity
Abstract Each of the three major script changes of the Azeri language in the twentieth century, from traditional Arabic to Latin, to Cyrillic, and back to Latin, reflected assertions of identity in
The Case of Albanian as an Islamic Language between Muslim Literary Tradition and National Culture
This paper aims to apply Bausani’s notion of “Islamic language” to the case of the Albanian language, analysing the cultural and linguistic evolution of its literature according to the various
Language Policy, Prestige, and Stigma: A Case Study of Moroccan Amazigh Language Varieties
Language is a major part of identity in any context, but especially in situations of disenfranchisement and marginalization, in which heritage languages are often subject to repression and resultant
Holding Multiple Nationalisms: Perspectives of an Albanian Ottoman
Holding Multiple Nationalisms: Perspectives of an Albanian Ottoman Christopher M. Facer Chair of Supervisory Committee Selim Kuru Ph.D. Near Eastern Language and Civilizations This project considered
Script selection for Tibetan-related languages in multiscriptal environments
Abstract Written development of Tibetan-related languages has seen an increase in recent years. When these languages are developed, the issue of script becomes very important. The Tibetan script has
Language of Politics or Politics of Language? Toward an Integrated Perspective
The present paper is an attempt at the clarification of the relationship between language and politics. Previous studies involving both language and politics can be apparently divided into two major
Rituals of Naming and Exposure: Meaning and Signification in a Name
Every individual occupies a determined place in a chain of descent. The criteria of this determination are usually conceptions concerning physical resemblance and difference, paternal and maternal
Cultural Politics and Spiritual Making of Anthropologists
Review Article Duijzings, Ger. *Religion and the politics of identity in Kosovo*. London: Hurst & New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. Trix, Frances. *Spiritual discourse: learning with an
The long necked lute's eternal return : mythology, morphology, iconography of the Tanbūr Lute family from Ancient Mesopotamia to Ottoman Albania
Musical instruments exist as both material and imaginal cultural objects. This Thesis explores the intersection of these modes of being as pertaining to long necked lutes of the tanbūr type and
Person in epitaphs of a line of Sufi Babas: continuity and change
L'A. examine une serie d'epitaphes inscrites sur les tombes de Babas soufis dans les Balkans de l'ouest. Ces epitaphes peuvent etre classees par ordre chronologique et fournissent ainsi une


The Stamboul Alphabet Of Shemseddin Sami Bey: Precursor To Turkish Script Reform
Comparative studies of writing systems and script conversion tend to emphasize the extent of cultural re-orientation and the rapidity of implementation of Turkey's shift from the Arabic to the Roman
Mother of Writing: The Origin and Development of a Hmong Messianic Script
In February of 1971, in the Laotian village of Nam Chia, a forty-one year old farmer named Shong Lue Yang was assassinated by government soldiers. Shong Lue claimed to have been descended of God and
Writing Systems: A Linguistic Introduction
An examination, through a series of detailed case studies, of the different ways in which the world’s cultures have made spoken language visible and permanent.
Writing Systems of the World
A pipe cleaning brush assembly for attachment to the rotatable face plate of a pipe facing machine for rotation therewith to clean the outer surface of a large diameter pipe section proximate the end
The Origin of Writing