Alpha-theta brainwave training and beta-endorphin levels in alcoholics.

  title={Alpha-theta brainwave training and beta-endorphin levels in alcoholics.},
  author={Eugene G. Peniston and Paul J. Kulkosky},
  journal={Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research},
  volume={13 2},
  • E. Peniston, P. Kulkosky
  • Published 1 April 1989
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
An alpha-theta brainwave biofeedfack training program was applied as a novel treatment technique for chronic alcoholics. Following a temperature biofeedback pretraining phase, experimental subjects completed 15 30-min sessions of alpha-theta biofeedback training. Compared to a nonalcoholic control group and a traditionally treated alcoholic control group, alcoholics receiving brainwave training (BWT) showed significant increases in percentages of EEG record in alpha and theta rhythms, and… 
Alpha-theta brainwave neurofeedback training: an effective treatment for male and female alcoholics with depressive symptoms.
Twenty-one-month follow-up data indicated sustained prevention of relapse in alcoholics who completed BWNT, and experimentally treated alcoholics with depressive syndrome showed sharp reductions in self-assessed depression (Beck's Depression Inventory).
The Peniston-Kulkosky Brainwave Neurofeedback Therapeutic Protocol: The Future Psychotherapy for Alcoholism / PTSD / Behavioral Medicine
EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF ALPHA AND THETA BRAINWAVE TRAINING Electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback has been in use since the early 1970's for treatment of anxiety disorders and a variety of
Alterations in EEG amplitude, personality factors, and brain electrical mapping after alpha-theta brainwave training: a controlled case study of an alcoholic in recovery.
Support is provided for the possibility that alpha and theta brainwave training may be a useful intervention for the abstinent alcoholic experiencing stress-related craving and fear of relapse.
EEG Signature and Phenomenology of Alpha/theta Neurofeedback Training Versus Mock Feedback
The data demonstrate that irrespective of considerations of clinical relevance, accurate a/t neurofeedback effectively facilitates production of higher within-session t/a ratios than do noncontingent feedback relaxation.
The Temporal Dynamics of Electroencephalographic Responses to Alpha/Theta Neurofeedback Training in Healthy Subjects
The dynamics underlying the within-session theta/alpha ratio increments associated with posterior alpha/theta training are elucidated, and an increase in theta activity across 10 sessions of training is recorded, offering further evidence for the neurophysiological impact of this training protocol.
Effects of an EEG Biofeedback Protocol on a Mixed Substance Abusing Population
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EEG Biofeedback for Addictive Disorders—The State of the Art in 2004
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Spectral Modification by Operant Conditioning of Cortical Theta Suppression in Rats
  • Mootaek Roh, I. Jang, K. Suk, Maan-Gee Lee
  • Psychology, Biology
    Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
  • 2019
The results showed that an operant conditioning technique could train rats to control their specific EEG activity indirectly, and it may be used as an animal model for studying how neuronal systems work in human neurofeedback.
Comparison of Alpha-Theta, Alpha and EMG Neurofeedback in the Production of Alpha- Theta Crossover and the Occurrence of Visualizations
Abstract Background: Alpha-theta biofeedback training has been employed in clinical addictions treatment since the first reports of successful application by Peniston and Kulkosky. Several studies


Alpha wave biofeedback training therapy in alcoholics.
Alpha training appeared useful in the treatment of anxiety, but not other problems, and the absence of significant correlations between amount of change on alpha and the anxiety measures suggests that the improvement may be due to a placebo effect.
Alpha biofeedback therapy in alcoholics: an 18-month follow-up.
The differences between the experimentals and controls in State and Trait Anxiety after 18 months were essentially identical to the differences between them immediately after treatment, which indicates that alpha training had long-range therapeutic effects.
The EEG in persons at risk for alcoholism.
  • J. Volavka, V. Pollock, W. Gabrielli, S. Mednick
  • Medicine
    Recent developments in alcoholism : an official publication of the American Medical Society on Alcoholism, the Research Society on Alcoholism, and the National Council on Alcoholism
  • 1985
The HR subjects show greater electrophysiological responses to alcohol than controls, and these effects are not related to differences in alcohol metabolism, and they may reflect a biologic marker for CNS sensitivity to alcohol.
The EEG after alcohol administration in men at risk for alcoholism.
EEG findings suggest that subjects at high risk for alcoholism are physiologically more sensitive to alcohol than control subjects.
EMG Biofeedback-Assisted Relaxation Training in the Treatment of Reactive Depression in Chronic Pain Patients
Eight chronic pain patients (6 males and 2 females) diagnosed as presenting reactive depression were randomly divided into two groups. Following individual assessment with the Minnesota Multiphasic
Effects of Meditation on Anxiety and Chemical Dependency
Subjects who reported continuing at least minimal meditative practices showed differences in social adjustment, work performance, and use of drugs and alcohol when compared with non-practicers, more pronounced than those established for on-going Alcoholics Annonymous members.
Brain-gut neuropeptides and the limitation of ethanol consumption
  • P. Kulkosky
  • Medicine, Biology
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  • 1985
Event-related brain potentials are different in individuals at high and low risk for developing alcoholism.
The data suggest that brain functions are different in individuals at high and low risk for the development of alcoholism (i.e., those with and without a family history of alcoholism, respectively).