Alpha-chloralose poisoning in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 33 canine and 13 feline confirmed cases.

@article{Segev2006AlphachloralosePI,
  title={Alpha-chloralose poisoning in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 33 canine and 13 feline confirmed cases.},
  author={Gilad Segev and Einat Yas-Natan and Alan Shlosberg and Itamar Aroch},
  journal={Veterinary journal},
  year={2006},
  volume={172 1},
  pages={109-13}
}
Alpha-chloralose (AC) is an anaesthetic compound also used as a rodenticide, and has dose-dependent central nervous system mixed effects of excitation and depression. The objectives of this study were to detail the clinical and clinicopathological characteristics, as well as the treatment and prognosis, of AC toxicosis in dogs and cats. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for AC poisoning between the years 1989 and 2004, and 33 dogs and 13 cats were included in the study. The most… CONTINUE READING

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Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
AtaxiaNo subtypeTremor
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
TremorNo subtypeAtaxia
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
ComatoseNo subtypeTremor
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
TremorNo subtypeComatose
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
ComatoseNo subtypeStupor
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
ComatoseNo subtypeStupor
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
StuporNo subtypeComatose
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
Although hypothermia was very common , especially in cats ( 90.9% ) , hyperthermia was frequently observed in dogs ( 21% ) .
Although hypothermia was very common , especially in cats ( 90.9% ) , hyperthermia was frequently observed in dogs ( 21% ) .
Treatment in all patients was supportive and symptomatic , and the most commonly used anticonvulsants were diazepam and barbiturates ; however , severe unresponsive seizures in three dogs had to be controlled with inhalant gas anaesthesia .
SeizuresNo subtypeTremor
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
TremorNo subtypeSeizures
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
StuporNo subtypeComatose
The most common clinical signs were seizures , muscle tremor , hyperaesthesia , hypothermia , salivation , myosis , stupor , coma and ataxia .
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