Alopecia areata.

@article{Gilhar2012AlopeciaA,
  title={Alopecia areata.},
  author={Amos Gilhar and Amos Etzioni and Ralf Paus},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  year={2012},
  volume={366 16},
  pages={
          1515-25
        }
}
From Flieman Hospital (A.G.), B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion–Israel Institute of Technology (A.G., A.E.), and Meyer’s Children’s Hospital, Rambam Campus (A.E.) — all in Haifa, Israel; the Department of Dermatology, University of Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany (R.P.); and the School of Translational Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom (R.P.). Address reprint requests to Dr. Gilhar at the Skin Research Laboratory, B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Equine alopecia areata: a retrospective clinical descriptive study at the University of California, Davis (1980-2011).

Alopecia areata is a rare disease in horses, and is typically cosmetic in nature, and to the authors' knowledge, this is the first study investigating the epidemiology of equine AA.

Alopecia areata

  • P. Assouly
  • Biology, Medicine
    La Revue du praticien
  • 2017

Successful treatment of refractory alopecia universalis by persuading a patient not to sleep with her dog.

Alopecia Areata: an Update on Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Management

The recent advances in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of AA are discussed, including antihistamines, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection, and other novel therapies have been well explored.

Alopecia Areata: An Autoimmune Disease of Multiple Players

Current evidence that emphasizes molecular mechanisms, possible causative etiologies, and targeted immunotherapies for AA is gathered to shed light on new strategies to effectively manage AA.

Clinical Patterns of Alopecia Areata among Children in South Jordan

There was a slight preponderance for male gender in pediatric alopecia areata in South Jordan and patients with recurrent disease tend to have a longer duration of their disease.

Penatalaksanaan Alopecia Areata (Treatment of Allopecia Areata)

Several therapeutic options in the AA include the injection of corticosteroids, minoxidil, immunotherapies, photochemotherapy, calcineurin inhibitors, metrotrexate, sulfasalazzine, azatioprine, laser therapy, PRP therapy, and therapy with stem cells.

Alopecia Areata: An Update

Clinical presentation varies from small alopecia patches most commonly on the scalp to full body involvement, and characteristic “swarm of bees” appearance on histopathology is confirmatory in acute cases.

Clinico-Dermoscopic Pattern of Beard Alopecia Areata: A Cross-Sectional Study

Trichoscopy of BAA may reveal newer nonfollicular findings, in addition to the follicular findings already described in literature for AA.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 93 REFERENCES

Histopathology of alopecia areata, acute and chronic: Why is it important to the clinician?

It is important for clinicians and pathologists to recognize the different phases of AA, so that in the absence of the classic findings of a peribulbar lymphocytic infiltrate, a diagnosis of AA can still confidently be made.

Alopecia areata prevalence by gender and age

The authors describe the use of a non-ablative fractional resurfacing device utilized prior to the application of their photosensitizer to enhance the absorption of aminolevulinic acid into the skin.

Interventions for alopecia areata.

No RCTs were found on the use of diphencyprone, dinitrochlorobenzene, intralesional corticosteroids or dithranol although they are commonly used for the treatment of alopecia areata.

Topical minoxidil in the treatment of alopecia areata

The study by Dr W J MacLennan and others (3 March, p 701) has a bias which affects the conclusions and the fact that more of those living at home were breathless on dressing and had a history of falls may be because they are more likely to consult their doctor about these problems.

Prevalence of alopecia areata in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

The prevalence of AA is presented as estimated from the findings of NHANES-I, a dermatologic examination of 20 749 individuals in a probability sample of the US population conducted from 1971 through 1974.

The Epidemiology of Childhood Alopecia Areata in China: A Study of 226 Patients

The earlier the age of onset, the greater the severity of the disease and the effect of genetic factors is important in the occurrence of this disease.

Alopecia areata: evidence-based treatments.

Alopecia areata update: part II. Treatment.

Treatment strategies for alopecia

There are very few randomized good quality studies and no information about long-term results for most of the available treatments for alopecia areata and cicatricial alopECias.
...