Alopecia areata.

@article{Gilhar2012AlopeciaA,
  title={Alopecia areata.},
  author={Amos Gilhar and Amos Etzioni and Ralf Paus},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  year={2012},
  volume={366 16},
  pages={
          1515-25
        }
}
From Flieman Hospital (A.G.), B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion–Israel Institute of Technology (A.G., A.E.), and Meyer’s Children’s Hospital, Rambam Campus (A.E.) — all in Haifa, Israel; the Department of Dermatology, University of Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany (R.P.); and the School of Translational Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom (R.P.). Address reprint requests to Dr. Gilhar at the Skin Research Laboratory, B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel… Expand

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Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
Alopecia areata is the most frequent cause of inflammation-induced hair loss with prevalence from 0.1 to 0.2%. It has no age nor sex predilection . Clinically, alopecia areata… Expand
ConditionsAlopecia Areata
InterventionDrug, Procedure
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References

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Histopathology of alopecia areata, acute and chronic: Why is it important to the clinician?
TLDR
It is important for clinicians and pathologists to recognize the different phases of AA, so that in the absence of the classic findings of a peribulbar lymphocytic infiltrate, a diagnosis of AA can still confidently be made. Expand
Management of alopecia areata
TLDR
Alopecia areata is a common condition characterised by sudden onset of patchy hair loss without signs of skin inflammation or scarring, and is a psychologically distressing disease and doctors should provide patients with realistic advice about treatments and their effectiveness. Expand
Alopecia areata prevalence by gender and age
TLDR
The authors describe the use of a non-ablative fractional resurfacing device utilized prior to the application of their photosensitizer to enhance the absorption of aminolevulinic acid into the skin. Expand
Interventions for alopecia areata.
TLDR
No RCTs were found on the use of diphencyprone, dinitrochlorobenzene, intralesional corticosteroids or dithranol although they are commonly used for the treatment of alopecia areata. Expand
Topical minoxidil in the treatment of alopecia areata
TLDR
The study by Dr W J MacLennan and others (3 March, p 701) has a bias which affects the conclusions and the fact that more of those living at home were breathless on dressing and had a history of falls may be because they are more likely to consult their doctor about these problems. Expand
Prevalence of alopecia areata in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
TLDR
The prevalence of AA is presented as estimated from the findings of NHANES-I, a dermatologic examination of 20 749 individuals in a probability sample of the US population conducted from 1971 through 1974. Expand
Alopecia areata update: part I. Clinical picture, histopathology, and pathogenesis.
TLDR
Part one of this two-part series on AA describes the clinical presentation and the associated histopathologic picture and proposes a hypothesis for AA development based on the most recent knowledge of disease pathogenesis. Expand
The Epidemiology of Childhood Alopecia Areata in China: A Study of 226 Patients
TLDR
The earlier the age of onset, the greater the severity of the disease and the effect of genetic factors is important in the occurrence of this disease. Expand
Alopecia areata: evidence-based treatments.
TLDR
Although many treatments have been shown to stimulate hair growth in alopecia areata, there are limited data on their long-term efficacy and impact on quality of life. Expand
Alopecia areata update: part II. Treatment.
TLDR
The second part of this two-part series on AA discusses treatment options in detail and suggests treatment plans according to specific disease presentation and reviews recently reported experimental treatment options and potential directions for future disease management. Expand
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