Allozyme variation in Polyommatus coridon (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): identification of ice‐age refugia and reconstruction of post‐glacial expansion

  title={Allozyme variation in Polyommatus coridon (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): identification of ice‐age refugia and reconstruction of post‐glacial expansion},
  author={Thomas Schmitt and A. Seitz},
  journal={Journal of Biogeography},
The effects of glacial disjunctions on intraspecific differentiations are in the focus of phylogeographical studies. Several studies investigate the consequences of post‐glacial expansions from glacial refugia on the composition within major genetic lineages. 

Low diversity but high differentiation: the population genetics of Aglaope infausta (Zygaenidae: Lepidoptera)

The local, regional and inter‐regional genetic structure of this species is studied in this analysis.

Molecular biogeography of the arctic‐alpine disjunct burnet moth species Zygaena exulans (Zygaenidae, Lepidoptera) in the Pyrenees and Alps

The population genetic structure of the arctic‐alpine distributed burnet moth Zygaena exulans is studied as an exemplar for phylogeography of ‘southern’ species in Europe.

Tracing the origin of disjunct distributions: a case of biogeographical convergence in Pyrgus butterflies

Esta investigacion ha sido financiada by el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion de Espana y por Genome Canada a traves del Ontario Genomics Institute para P.N.Hebert.

A larval key to the Drusinae species (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) of Austria, Germany, Switzerland and the dinaric western Balkan.

A larval key of the Drusinae of Central Europe and the dinaric western Balkan is presented. Phylogeographic relationships are discussed in the light of molecular genetics, feeding ecology and larval

Did Polyommatus icarus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) have distinct glacial refugia in southern Europe? Evidence from population genetics

It is probable that P. icarus was widely distributed in the Mediterranean region during the last ice age and expanded into central Europe in the postglacial period without major genetic erosion.

Multiple differentiation centres of a non‐Mediterranean butterfly species in south‐eastern Europe

Aim  The analysis of the phylogeographical structures of many European species reveals the importance of Mediterranean glacial refugia for many thermophilic species, but also underlines the relevance

Allozyme Polymorphisms in the Small Heath, Coenonympha pamphilus: Recent Ecological Selection or Old Biogeographical Signal?

The genetic population structure of Coenonympha pamphilus is surveyed as a model species to validate allozym electrophoresis as a method for biogeographical studies and reveals no influence of the climate on the allozyme frequencies.

Postglacial recolonization shaped the genetic diversity of the winter moth (Operophtera brumata) in Europe

Strong evidence is found for the presence of two major genetic clusters that diverged ~18 to ~22 ka, with evidence that secondary contact resumed ~ 5 ka along a well‐established hybrid zone in Central Europe, which supports the hypothesis that contemporary populations descend from populations that resided in distinct glacial refugia.

Glacial and postglacial species divergence and dispersal of European trickle midges ( Diptera : Thaumaleidae )

The results show a wide range of dispersal patterns within an otherwise uniform group of organisms, opening new avenues for further studies in phylogeography and speciation.



Genetic and phenotypic population structure of the Coenonympha tullia complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) in California: no evidence for species boundaries

The structure of 21 populations of the Coenonympha tullia group from no more than 20 populations from around the world have been studied.

Postglacial colonization of middle Europe by Carabus auronitens as revealed by population genetics (Coleoptera, Carabidae)

From the high degree of genetic differentiation with many “private” alleles, three refugia areas in southern France are postulated, at least one of them shows the distribution of an endemic, while another population has expanded in area over a long distance since the last glaciation period.

Postglacial expansion and genome subdivision in the European grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus

A noncoding nuclear DNA marker sequence (Cpnl‐1) was used to investigate subdivision in the grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus and deduce postglacial expansion patterns across its species range in Europe and indicated that the French form of C. parallelus originated after range expansion from a Balkan refugium.

The effect of Quaternary climatic changes on plant distribution and evolution

Phylogeography and postglacial dispersion of the chub (Leuciscus cephalus) in Europe

A phylogeographic analysis of mitochondrial DNA variation was performed in order to test the hypothesis of a postglacial recolonization of mid‐ and north‐European rivers from a Danubian refuge, providing strong evidence for the eradication of this species from most of Europe during maximum ice extent.

Last glacial maximum biomes reconstructed from pollen and plant macrofossil data from northern Eurasia

Pollen and plant macrofossil data from northern Eurasia were used to reconstruct the vegetation of the last glacial maximum (LGM: 18,000 ± 2000 14C yr bp) using an objective quantitative method for

Genetic population structure of two cryptic Gammarus fossarum types across a contact zone

The variability in morphology and hybridization ability has not shown clear geographic patterns, whereas on a genetical basis two Central European G. fossarum forms have been proposed.

Post-glacial re-colonization of European biota

A reduction in diversity from southern to northern Europe in the extent of allelic variation and species subdivision is seen; this is attributed to rapid expansion northward and the varied topography of southern refugia allowing populations to diverge through several ice ages.

Genetic diversity in Fagus crenata (Japanese beech): influence of the distributional shift during the late-Quaternary

Genetic diversity at 11 loci encoding nine enzymes was studied in 23 populations of Japanese beech Fagus crenata Blume distributed throughout the range of the species, and principal components analysis revealed that the populations tended to cluster according to their geographical locations.

Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe

A Brooks parsimony analysis produced an unrooted area phylogram, showing that: (i) the northern regions were colonized generally from the Iberic and Balkanic refugia; and (ii) the Italian lineages were often isolated due to the presence of the Alpine barrier.