Allotypes of alpha 1-antitrypsin in patients with cystic fibrosis, homozygous and heterozygous for deltaF508.

Abstract

In cystic fibrosis (CF) neutrophil released serine proteinase activity may facilitate Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung colonization, leading to chronic infection. Since such activity is mostly controlled by alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT), we postulated that with CF carrying deficient alpha 1-AT variants might be at higher risk for P. aeruginosa acquisition and might reveal other phenomena, specific for serine proteinase activity. In 215 Danish patients with CF, homozygous (80%) or heterozygous (20%) for the major CF mutation deltaF508, alpha 1-AT variants were determined. Carriage of deficient alpha 1-AT variants was correlated to an earlier onset of P. aeruginosa lung infection (P < 0.0001), higher total IgG (P < 0.0001), and P. aeruginosa-specific serum antibodies (P < 0.0001). The two groups did not differ in lung function, probably due to intensive antimicrobial treatment.

0100200'99'01'03'05'07'09'11'13'15'17
Citations per Year

505 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 505 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Doering1994AllotypesOA, title={Allotypes of alpha 1-antitrypsin in patients with cystic fibrosis, homozygous and heterozygous for deltaF508.}, author={Gerd Doering and H Krogh-Johansen and Sebastian Weidinger and Niels H\oiby}, journal={Pediatric pulmonology}, year={1994}, volume={18 1}, pages={3-7} }