Allograft acceptance despite differential strain-specific induction of TGF-beta/IL-10-mediated immunoregulation.


We examined the immune approaches that C57BI/6 and BALB/c mice take when treated to accept cardiac allografts. C57BI/6 mice accept DBA/2 cardiac allografts when treated with gallium nitrate (GN) or anti-CD40L mAb (MR1). These allograft acceptor mice fail to mount donor-reactive delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses, and develop a donor-induced immunoregulatory mechanism that inhibits DTH responses. In contrast, BALB/c mice accept C57BI/6 cardiac allografts when treated with MR1 but not with GN. These allograft acceptor mice display modest donor-reactive DTH responses, and do not develop donor-induced immune regulation of DTH responses. Real-time PCR analysis of rejecting graft tissues demonstrated no strain-related skewing in the production of cytokines mRNAs. In related studies, C57BI/6 recipients of cytokine and alloantigen educated syngeneic peritoneal exudate cells (PECs) failed to mount DTH responses to the alloantigens unless neutralizing antibodies to transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-p were present at the DTH site demonstrating regulation of cell-mediated alloimmune responses. In contrast, BALB/c recipients of cytokine-and alloantigen-educated PECs expressed strong DTH responses to alloantigens demonstrating a lack of regulated alloimmunity. In conclusion, C57BI/6 mice respond to immunosuppression by accepting cardiac allografts and generating TGF-beta-related regulation of donor-reactive T cell responses, unlike BALB/c mice that do not generate these regulatory responses yet still can accept cardiac allografts.


Citations per Year

103 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 103 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Bickerstaff2002AllograftAD, title={Allograft acceptance despite differential strain-specific induction of TGF-beta/IL-10-mediated immunoregulation.}, author={Alice A. Bickerstaff and Jiao-Jing Wang and Dongyuan Xia and Charles G. Orosz}, journal={American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons}, year={2002}, volume={2 9}, pages={819-27} }