Allocentric versus idiocentric tendencies: Convergent and discriminant validation

  title={Allocentric versus idiocentric tendencies: Convergent and discriminant validation},
  author={Harry C. Triandis and Kwok Leung and Marcelo J. Villareal and Felicia I. Clack},
  journal={Journal of Research in Personality},
Abstract Allocentric tendencies were studied with a multimethod questionnaire and Illinois undergraduates. Nine scales measuring different aspects of allocentrism were shown to have good reliability and to be intercorrelated, thus showing convergent validity. Factor analysis identified three aspects: subordination of personal to group goals, the ingroup as extension of the self, and ingroup identity. The scales also had satisfactory discriminant validity. Those high on idiocentric tendencies… 
The Family Allocentrism Idiocentrism Scale: Further Convergent Validity Exploration
In order to improve measurement in cross-cultural research it is necessary to find a reliable, ingroup-specific scale along with effective priming methods. It is hypothesized that the Family
Personality Correlates of Allocentric Tendencies in Individualist and Collectivist Cultures
The present study examines personality correlates of personal collectivism (allocentrism) both in an individualist culture (the United States) and in collectivist cultures (Korea and Japan). It was
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Abstract This study applied Brickman, Rabinowitz, Karuza, Coates, Cohn, and Kidder's (1982) models of helping and coping to an allocen-trism-idiocentrism framework. The main hypothesis was that the
Social Support Networks and Self-Esteem of Idiocentric and Allocentric Children and Adolescents
People who have an idiocentric value orientation tend to emphasize their own goals and needs over those of the groups to which they belong, and to be independent and self-reliant. Allocentric
Allocentric and Idiocentric Self-Description and Academic Achievement among Mexican American and Anglo American Adolescents.
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The authors examine how allocentrism, or the importance placed on ingroups, relates to the perceived homogeneity and entitativity (groupness)of relational (interpersonal) and collective (categorical)
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Further validation of a measure of individual modernity.
  • H. Gough
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1977
New validational data is reported on the 8-item scale to assess individual modernity, which showed the scale to be significantly loaded on a modernity dimension, with minimal loadings on factors for alienationanomie and authoritarianism.
A measure of individual modernity.
  • H. Gouchi
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1976
An attempt was initiated to construct a new, brief index of modernity suitable for group administration and as free as possible from nuisance relationships to generalized distrust and anomie.
Individualism and collectivism are terms used by both social scientists and the public, but there are few systematic studies of this dimension. A sample of psychologists and anthropologists from all
Three cross-cultural studies of subjective culture.
A sample of approximately 10,000 social behaviors was elicited independently using identical procedures, from American and Greek Ss, to construct two instruments: a Role Differential and a Behavioral Differential, which consists of stimulus persons judged on scales defined by social behaviors.
Peasant Society and the Image of Limited Good
"Human behavior is always motivated by certain purposes, and these purposes grow out of sets of assumptions which are not usually recognized by those who hold them. The basic premises of a particular
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The NachNaff scale is a 30-item questionnaire that requires examinees to choose between self-descriptions consistent with either need for achievement (n Ach) or need for affiliation (n Aff). This
Psychological Differentiation in Cross-Cultural Perspective
For over seven decades psychologists have been working cross-culturally on the description and understanding of human behavioral variation. Initially, this enterprise consisted mainly of measurement
The Impact of Cultural Collectivism on Reward Allocation
Chinese University of Hong KongIt is argued that the collectivism of a culture leads to different styles of rewardallocation with in-group and out-group members. Two studies using Chinese andAmerican
Measuring Need to Achieve by n Ach-n Aff Scale—A Forced-Choice Questionnaire
To measure the need to achieve (n Ach), a questionnaire was constructed which required the subject to make a forced choice on each of 30 pairs of adjectives. Half the adjectives were based on the
A Measure of Cooperative, Competitive, and Individualistic Attitudes
Summary Six studies involving over 6000 students from kindergarten through college were sequenced over a period of years to develop three relatively independent self-report scales with substantial