Allies and Audiences

  title={Allies and Audiences},
  author={Emma L Briant},
  journal={The International Journal of Press/Politics},
  pages={145 - 165}
  • E. Briant
  • Published 1 April 2015
  • Political Science
  • The International Journal of Press/Politics
This article discusses changes to what were seen by government planners as “out-dated” British and American propaganda systems following 9/11 and the Iraq War. It presents qualitative research examining how government propaganda strategies responded to global asymmetric threats in a post-9/11 media environment. The article draws on both documentary evidence and the accounts of elite sources from Britain and the United States including Public Relations professionals, journalists, and foreign… 

Competing propagandas: How the United States and Russia represent mutual propaganda activities

The period of growing tensions between the United States and Russia (2013–2019) saw mutual accusations of digital interference, disinformation, fake news, and propaganda, particularly following the

Strategic Communication of Israel’s Intelligence Services: Countering New Challenges with Old Methods

ABSTRACT This study sheds light on the strategic communication of intelligence services in the new media age. Intelligence services operate in the dark, as far away as possible from the attention of

“Donald Trump Is My President!”: The Internet Research Agency Propaganda Machine

The results show that source classification from propaganda theory remains a valid framework to understand IRA’s propaganda machine and that the agency operates a composite of different user accounts tailored to perform specific tasks, including openly pro-Russian profiles, local American and German news sources, pro-Trump conservatives, and Black Lives Matter activists.

Electronic Warfare and Cyber Warfare During the Time of Computers

The definitions of both electronic warfare (EW) and cyber warfare (CW) will be explained, historical examples around the world will be given and the both similarities and differences will be discussed.

Understanding the public temper through an evaluation of rumours: an ethnographical method using educational technology

This study offers ethnographers a new method of understanding public tempers through rumours, alongside conventional meaning-making symbols (e.g., poems), by analysing 579 Arabic online rumours collected by students as part of their critical engagement with educational technology.

AI as a Threat to Democracy : Towards an Empirically Grounded Theory

Artificial intelligence has in recent years taken center stage in the technological development. Major corporations, operating in a variety of economic sectors, are investing heavily in AI in order



The Revival of the Propaganda State

Events since 11 September 2001 have brought to light debates about the revival of public diplomacy and the role of propaganda in domestic and global communications. This article analyzes American

An Ever-Expanding War: Legal Aspects of Online Strategic Communication

Nearly eight years after 9/11, senior US leadership is redefining the "war on terrorism" as a global counterinsurgency effort, one that requires both kinetic force and indirect, "smart power"

News Frames Terrorism: A Comparative Analysis of Frames Employed in Terrorism Coverage in U.S. and U.K. Newspapers

Scholars have been increasingly concerned with portrayals of terrorism in mainstream and alternative media outlets following the September 11 and subsequent terrorist attacks in the United Kingdom

Urinal or conduit? Institutional information flow between the UK intelligence services and the news media

Since the 1990s, the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and the Security Service (MI5) have developed formal links with most major UK news organisations in an effort to improve the agencies’ media

Intelligence and controversial British interrogation techniques : the Northern Ireland case, 1971–2

This paper focuses on the controversial British interrogation techniques known as the 'five techniques', which were used as aids to interrogation in Northern Ireland in the autumn of 1971. Its

Intelligence studies in Britain and the US : historiography since 1945

How academics, novelists, conspiracy theorists and former spies write about intelligence. Secrecy has never stopped people from writing about intelligence. From memoirs and academic texts to

Covering the CIA in Times of Crisis

In the wake of two catastrophic intelligence failures—9/11 and the yet-to-be-found weapons of mass destruction in Iraq—American intelligence is reeling. This article examines how the U.S. press fared

Secret Intelligence, Covert Action and Clandestine Diplomacy

Scott, L. (2004). Secret Intelligence, Covert Action and Clandestine Diplomacy. Intelligence and National Security. 19(2), pp.322-341 RAE2008