Alliance formation in a free-ranging troop of Japanese macaques


Alliance formations in a troop of free-ranging Japanese macaques, which had been provisioned 16 months before the present study was begun, were observed at the feeding ground for about 300 hr from April 1973 to March 1974. The patterns of alliance formations and their roles were described. The leader male had a quite unique role in his alliance formations… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF02373429

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