Alliance Formation and the Balance of World Power

@article{Walt1985AllianceFA,
  title={Alliance Formation and the Balance of World Power},
  author={Stephen M. Walt},
  journal={International Security},
  year={1985},
  volume={9},
  pages={3 - 43}
}
  • S. Walt
  • Published 21 January 1985
  • Political Science
  • International Security
The question "what causes alignment?" is a central issue in debates on American foreign policy, and the choices that are made often turn on which hypotheses of alliance formation are endorsed. In general, those who believe that American security is fragile most often assume that Soviet allies are reliable and America's are prone to defect, while those who believe it is robust tend to view American allies as stronger and more reliable than those of the U.S.S.R. These divergent beliefs clash over… 

Tables from this paper

The Politics of Coalition Burden-Sharing: The Case of the War in Afghanistan
Why do states join military coalitions? After joining wartime coalitions, why do states contribute differently to support the coalitions? What influences the decision process and the burden-sharing
Soft Balancing in the Age of U.S. Primacy
  • T. V. Paul
  • Political Science
    International Security
  • 2005
Analysts have argued that balance of power theory has become irrelevant to understanding state behavior in the post-Cold War international system dominated by the United States. Second-tier major
Why Do States Join Military Alliances? The Case of Romania
Alliances continue to remain fundamental at the core of international politics. How states make their alliance choices is important for international order and security. The end of the Cold War
The End of War: How a Robust Marketplace and Liberal Hegemony Are Leading to Perpetual World Peace
Abstract Permanent world peace is beginning to emerge. States with developed market-oriented economies have foremost interests in the principle of self-determination of all states as the foundation
Alliances and Legitimacy: Walking the Operational Tightrope
Abstract : For centuries, nations have formed alliances to harness the power of collective military might. Whether by necessity or desire, they have done so to successfully wage war and pursue common
Neutrality Norms and the Balance of Power
One of the many factors that is thought to make it possible for a state to abstain from participating in a war between two or more other states is the existence of international norms that support
Strategic Culture and Burden Sharing in NATO: False Friends?
Abstract : This paper explores a set of hypotheses attempting to explain persistent unequal burden sharing in a persistent alliance like NATO, privileging the testing of the notion that convergence
Alliances.
TLDR
This chapter explores the concept and theories of alliances, paying particular attention to the question of alliance persistence and disintegration, and surveys the scholarly literature on why alliances form and fall apart.
Ideology and Learning in Soviet Third World Policy
SINCE World War II, Soviet policy in the Third World has gone through regular, frequent cycles, marked by different emphases in the choice of foreign policy targets and by different expectations
Not in My Backyard!: External Balancing, Intra-Balancing and Alliance Dynamics
This paper raises the question of the role of states’ consideration of autonomy in choosing their allies. In this paper, I argue that in order to maximize both security and autonomy states will
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 99 REFERENCES
Factors of Unity and Factors of Conflict
Russian and Chinese national interests tend to ward opposition. The Sino-Soviet alliance is wholly due to seizure of power by Chinese Communists and to conflict with the same enemies. Economic,
The Myth of Hollanditis
Recent events in the Netherlands have given unexpected satisfaction to the Dutch aspiration to be "biggest of the small" among members of the NATO Alliance. In fact, popular questioning of security
Politics and the Soviet Presence in the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen: Internal Vulnerabilities and Regional Challenges.
Abstract : Since its independence in 1967, the People's Democratic Republic of Yeman (PDRY) has posed various challenges to the conservative pro-Western states of the Arabian peninsula, and thus
Is International Coercion Waning or Rising?
During the past decade or so, a growing number of specialists in international relations have perceived changes in the international system that pointed to a decline in the utility and use of
An economic theory of alliances
Abstract : The report presents a new theoretical model of military alliances and other international organizations. The assumptions basic to the model are that nations act in their own best interests
The Transformation of Alliance Systems
The pattern of international relations has always been in flux. The further we are removed from a period, the easier it is to discern its most salient features. So the fifteenth century now emerges
State Power and the Structure of International Trade
The structure of international trade, identified by the degree of openness for the movement of goods, can best be explained by a state-power theory of international political economy. This theory
International Politics: A Framework for Analysis
I. INTRODUCTION. 1. Approaches to the Study of International Politics. II. INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMS. 2. Historic International Systems. 3. The Contemporary Global System. III. ACTORS IN THE
Theory of International Politics
Therefore, the seeker after the truth is not one who studies the writings of the ancients and, following his natural disposition, puts his trust in them, but rather the one who suspects his faith in
Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma
TLDR
The model of the Prisoner's Dilemma is used to demonstrate that cooperation is more likely when the costs of being exploited and the gains of exploiting others are low, when the gains from mutual cooperation and the cost of mutual noncooperation are high, and when each side expects the other to cooperate.
...
...