Advancing non-invasive neuromodulation clinical trials in children: Lessons from perinatal stroke.
- Adam Kirton
- European journal of paediatric neurology : EJPN…
Occipital bone compression of the superior sagittal sinus occurs in supine neonates. The authors previously showed that this compression is associated with neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, an important neonatal neurological condition, presumably via increased venous stasis. They hypothesized that a pillow alleviating occipital compression could improve cerebral venous flow. Neonates without cerebral sinovenous thrombosis requiring brain magnetic resonance imaging/venography were prospectively enrolled. Demographics, imaging indications, head position, and superior sagittal sinus compression were recorded. Flow velocities in the anterior and posterior superior sagittal sinus and sigmoid sinus before and after pillow placement were quantified using Doppler ultrasound. A total of 10 neonates (6 female, median postconceptional age 40.6 weeks) were enrolled. Flow velocities increased beyond the superior sagittal sinus compression point following pillow placement: 0.09 ± 0.04 m/sec to 0.15 ± 0.12 m/sec (P = .047) for posterior superior sagittal sinus; 0.10 ± 0.05 m/sec to 0.19 ± 0.15 m/sec (P = .005) for sigmoid sinus. Pillow decompression can improve neonatal cerebral venous flow, representing a potential noninvasive intervention for the prevention and treatment of neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis.