Alleviation of learned helplessness in the dog.

@article{Seligman1968AlleviationOL,
  title={Alleviation of learned helplessness in the dog.},
  author={Martin E. P. Seligman and Steven F. Maier and James H Geer},
  journal={Journal of abnormal psychology},
  year={1968},
  volume={73 3},
  pages={
          256-62
        }
}
Dogs given inescapable shock in a Pavlovian harness later seem to "give up" and passively accept traumatic shock in shuttlebox escape/avoidance training. A theoretical analysis of this phenomenon was presented. As predicted by this analysis, the failure to escape was alleviated by repeatedly compelling the dog to make the response which terminated shock. This maladaptive passive behavior in the face of trauma may be related to maladaptive passive behavior in humans. The importance of… CONTINUE READING
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