Allelic polymorphism in the coding region of human TCR C alpha gene and characterization of structural variability in the alpha chain constant domain.

Abstract

An allelic variant of the human TCR C alpha gene, designated C alpha AL, which encodes a structurally different protein product has been characterized. C alpha AL was independently sequenced using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified TCR C alpha cDNA from various T cell clones derived from a same individual. It differed from the most usual C alpha sequence by two non-synonymous base changes at codons 4 (AAC-->AAG) and 84 (GAA-->GCA) of the C alpha coding region. These changes imply amino acid substitutions Asn-->Lys and Glu-->Ala respectively. An oligotyping method, based on hybridization of allele-specific oligonucleotides to PCR-amplified C alpha DNA, is also described. It was used for differential typing of the two C alpha forms in family and population studies. In each of three T cell clones analyzed from the same donor having two rearranged TCR alpha chain transcripts, C alpha AL was found in only one of the transcripts. In addition, C alpha AL segregated as a co-dominant mendelian allele within the family of this donor. Population analysis was carried out in 73 spanish individuals. Twelve donors (16.4%) were heterozygous, implying that C alpha AL was present in this population sample with an allelic frequency of 0.08. The observed frequencies of C alpha genotypes were those expected for the two alleles being in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. This demonstration of structural polymorphism in the constant region of TCR alpha chains provides a useful genetic marker for TCR and disease association studies due to its precise mapping within the C alpha coding region, and its significant frequency in the analyzed population.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Bragado1994AllelicPI, title={Allelic polymorphism in the coding region of human TCR C alpha gene and characterization of structural variability in the alpha chain constant domain.}, author={Rafael Bragado and Almudena Garcia Garcia and Miguel Angel Trevi{\~n}o and Carmen Vilches and Jos{\'e} A L{\'o}pez de Castro}, journal={International immunology}, year={1994}, volume={6 2}, pages={223-30} }