All frugivores are not equal: exploitation competition determines seed survival and germination in a fleshy-fruited forest herb

@article{Niederhauser2015AllFA,
  title={All frugivores are not equal: exploitation competition determines seed survival and germination in a fleshy-fruited forest herb},
  author={Eric C. Niederhauser and Glenn R. Matlack},
  journal={Plant Ecology},
  year={2015},
  volume={216},
  pages={1203-1211}
}
Multiple-frugivore systems are common in deciduous forest communities, but multiple dispersal has rarely been examined from the perspective of plant fitness. We compare the consequences of fruit consumption by two co-occurring vertebrate frugivores (Odocoileus virginianus, white-tailed deer, and Procyon lotor, raccoon) for a fleshy-fruited forest herb (Podophyllum peltatum, mayapple). Shoot emergence, flowering, and fruit removal were monitored in natural populations in southeastern Ohio, USA… CONTINUE READING
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