All Roads Led to Montreal: Black Power, the Caribbean, and the Black Radical Tradition in Canada

  title={All Roads Led to Montreal: Black Power, the Caribbean, and the Black Radical Tradition in Canada},
  author={David Austin},
  journal={The Journal of African American History},
  pages={516 - 539}
  • D. Austin
  • Published 22 September 2007
  • Political Science, History
  • The Journal of African American History
Canada is not the first place that comes to mind in association with Black Power. That honor is reserved for the United States, and most non-Canadians are usually surprised to discover the sizeable population of people of African and Caribbean descent in Canada; African Canadians still tend to be exoticized as a kind of quaint "lost tribe." But Canada has a long history of people of African descent struggling for their freedom and dignity, not simply as African American fugitives following the… 

Imperial designs: the Royal Bank of Canada in the Caribbean

Canada’s role in international affairs is generally cast in a favourable light, especially in contrast with the United States. Yet at the beginning of the twentieth century there was a brief period

African Canadian Anti-Discrimination Activism and the Transnational Civil Rights Movement, 1945–1965

Several recent historical works have challenged interpretations of the civil rights movement in the United States as a strictly domestic story by considering its connections to anti-racist struggles

Black Power on the Telly: America, Television, and Race in 1960s and 1970s Britain

Abstract This paper proposes the importance of television, the televisation of US and British race politics, and the framing of “Black Power” in this television coverage, for race politics in Britain

Conventional politics or revolution: Black Power and the radical challenge to the Westminster model in the Caribbean

This paper examines one of the most significant antecedents to, and influences on, the Grenada Revolution: the Black Power movement in Trinidad and Tobago. Focusing on the National Joint Action

Caveat of an Obnoxious Slave: Blueprint for Decolonizing Black Power Studies from the Intellectual Governors of White Supremacy

"New Black Power Studies" continues to offer new critical interpretations, definitions, themes and nuances of the Black Power Movement. Nevertheless, this paper argues that the field is

Research, Repression, and Revolution—On Montreal and the Black Radical Tradition: An Interview with David Austin

I first arrived in Montreal from London, England in 1980 with my brother to join my family. (We had been living with my maternal grandmother in London.) I was almost ten years old and spent two years

Learning in Social Action: Students of Color and the Québec Student Movement

It is clear that neoliberal policies, along with austerity measures, serve to reinforce and further the oppression of marginalized groups such as poor and working class, Indigenous, racialized,

How and Why the Chicago Principles Came to Canada: Free Expression on Campus and the Closing of the “Campus Crisis Feedback Loop”

  • Dax D’Orazio
  • Political Science
    American Review of Canadian Studies
  • 2021
ABSTRACT Like the United States, Canada has experienced heightened concerns related to free expression on university campuses. In response, two Conservative provincial governments issued directives

Lessons from #Occupy in Canada: Contesting Space, Settler Consciousness and Erasures within the 99%

Under a slogan of ‘We are the 99%’, the #occupy movement has won praise for its bold reclamations of public space and for re-centring class analysis in North America. Despite this, however, important

"We are damaged" : planning and biopower in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1880-2010

This dissertation examines how modern urban planning has sought to manage human life in the city of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Covering the period between 1880 and 2010, the dissertation examines a series



Introduction to Walter Rodney

When the Congress of Black Writers took place in October 1968 in Montreal, the world was in a state of perpetual turmoil and social upheaval. Reading the newspaper headlines of the time, one would

The Caribbean Connection: The Double-Edged Canadian Presence in the West Indies by Robert Chodos (review)

The rest of the book is an explanation, addressed to Christians, of the Jewish position in general and the author's own view in particular. The author offers a sympathetic account of what Zionism has

Black Marxism: The Making of the Black Radical Tradition

In this ambitious work, first published in 1983, Cedric Robinson demonstrates that efforts to understand black people's history of resistance solely through the prism of Marxist theory are incomplete

Book Review: Black Marxism: The making of the Black radical tradition

balloon-frame structures of working-class housing to the development of skyscrapers. The interaction between the living space of individual dwellings and the wider urban environment is tackled in

Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) (review)

four-letter-word my daughter-in-law.” “That was the moment I became a historian,” Tyson writes, and this book is the product of his investigation. Though engagingly written, it is perhaps a little

"Black Power"の考察

Gloria Simmons (Bermuda), and Jean Depradine (Barbados), describing them as "the living indication that the Caribbean woman will be in the forefront of the movement for a new Caribbean

  • Anne Cools (Barbados), Bridget Joseph (Grenada)